Table 3

Top 20 ED diagnoses with antimicrobials ordered

DiagnosisDiagnosis n=558Antimicrobials ordered
n (%)
Pelvic inflammatory disease2121 (100)
Typhoid2020 (100)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease1313 (100)
HIV1111 (100)
Nephrolithiasis66 (100)
Ovarian problem55 (100)
Peritonitis55 (100)
Renal failure55 (100)
Ovarian problem55 (100)
Allergic reaction44 (100)
Meningitis11 (100)
Gout11 (100)
Dehydration2322 (95.7)
Sepsis4139 (95.1)
Urinary retention1918 (94.7)
Liver failure1514 (93.3)
Abdominal infections*131122 (93.1)
Skin and soft tissue infection1413 (92.9)
Malaria125115 (92.0)
Asthma1211 (91.7)
Urinary tract infection5549 (89.1)
Respiratory infection2623 (88.5)
  • *Includes diarrheal illnesses (eg, enteritis, colitis) and presumptive acute intra-abdominal infections (eg, presumed cholecystitis, appendicitis or diverticulitis) without peritonitis.

  • ED, emergency department.