Table 1

Sociodemographic, obstetric and medical characteristics of postpartum women

VariablesSMM (n=99)Non-SMM (n=99)
n(%)n(%)
Sociodemographic
 Age (years)*31.2−6.229.8−5.63
 Household income (RM)*3614.1−1675.213532.3−2303.62
 Ethnicity
  Malay99−10097−98
  Non-Malay002−2
 Educational level
  Primary and secondary62−62.646−46.5
  Tertiary37−37.453−53.5
 Employment status
  Employed22−22.23232.3
  Non-employed77−77.867−67.7
 Partner employment status
  Employed45−45.550−50.5
  Non-employed54−54.549−49.5
Obstetric and medical
 Parity*2.7−1.572.6−1.67
 Period of gestation (week)38.1(1. 45)38.8−1.39
 Hospital stay (day)4.1−1.042.5−1.11
 Pregnancy status
  Wanted98−9995−96
  Unwanted1−14−4
 Antenatal care booking
  Early (≤12 weeks)73−73.784−84.8
  Late (>12 weeks)26−26.315−15.2
 Colour code
  White1−13−3
  Green56−56.685−85.9
  Yellow34−34.311−11.1
  Red8−8.100
 Mode of delivery
  Vaginal delivery52−52.568−68.7
  Caesarean section47−47.531−31.3
 Fetal outcome
  Alive96−9798−99
  Dead3−31−1
 Comorbidity
  Absent85−85.985−85.9
  Present14−14.114−14.1
  • *Expressed as mean (SD).

  • SMM, severe maternal morbidity.