Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria for literature search

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
English languageFocuses on only the specific challenges experienced by one specialty and does not include evidence relevant to all junior doctors
Published no earlier than 2016Does not include any evidence obtained directly from junior doctors
Focuses on doctors in the UK, with at least some evidence pertaining specifically to junior doctorsFocuses primarily on consultants or medical students
Focuses on workforce retention and/or well-being and/or job satisfactionFocuses entirely on COVID-19 pandemic
Intervention evaluation in which the only evidence from junior doctors relates to direct impact of intervention
Considers specialty choice but not overall medical workforce retention
Contains solely numerical data, for example, rates of retention or burnout, with no primary evidence relating to possible causes
Review papers