Table 3

Univariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with utilisation of hospice care services during the last year of life among deceased patients

VariablesNumber of patientsUtilisation of hospice care services†UnivariateMultivariate analysis
N (%)OR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
HIV infection
 No14 7221811 (12.30)11
 Yes5691328 (5.76)0.44 (0.39 to 0.49)***0.66 (0.57 to 0.75)***
Demographics
Age, years
 18–6418 1751921 (10.57)11
 ≥652238218 (9.74)0.91 (0.79 to 1.06)0.59 (0.49 to 0.70)***
Sex
 Female1066150 (14.07)11
 Male19 3471989 (10.28)0.70 (0.59 to 0.84)***0.66 (0.54 to 0.81)***
Income level
 Low6652359 (5.40)11
 Intermediate93591086 (11.60)2.30 (2.03 to 2.60)***1.96 (1.72 to 2.25)***
 High4402694 (15.77)3.28 (2.87 to 3.75)***2.21 (1.90 to 2.57)***
Urbanisation
 Rural2092209 (9.99)11
 Suburban12 5171305 (10.43)1.05 (0.90 to 1.22)0.97 (0.82 to 1.16)
 Urban5804625 (10.77)1.09 (0.92 to 1.28)0.95 (0.79 to 1.15)
Comorbidity
Cancer62251905 (30.60)26.30 (22.86 to 30.25)***24.48 (21.23 to 28.24)***
Diabetes4738551 (11.63)1.17 (1.05 to 1.29)**1.05 (0.93 to 1.19)
Chronic kidney disease3568401 (11.24)1.10 (0.98 to 1.24)0.97 (0.84 to 1.11)
Congestive heart failure2203192 (8.72)0.80 (0.68 to 0.93)**0.99 (0.81 to 1.20)
Coronary heart disease3823438 (11.46)1.13 (1.01 to 1.27)*1.02 (0.89 to 1.18)
Liver cirrhosis3403491 (14.43)1.57 (1.41 to 1.75)***0.97 (0.86 to 1.10)
COPD4758606 (12.74)1.35 (1.22 to 1.49)***1.15 (1.02 to 1.29)*
Dementia61149 (8.02)0.74 (0.55 to 0.99)*0.92 (0.65 to 1.30)
Cerebrovascular disease3792329 (8.68)0.78 (0.69 to 0.88)***0.87 (0.75 to 1.00)
  • *P<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.

  • †During the last year of life.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.