Table 2

Characteristics of deceased patients by HIV status

CharacteristicsNo. (%) of subjects*P value
Deceased patients with HIV, n=5691Deceased patients without HIV, n=14 722
Demographics
Age, years
 Mean±SD39.27±12.7444.73±15.30<0.001
 18–645410 (95.06)12 765 (86.71)<0.001
 ≥65281 (4.94)1957 (13.29)
Sex<0.001
 Female433 (7.61)633 (4.30)
 Male5258 (92.39)14 089 (95.70)
Income level<0.001
 Low2112 (37.11)4540 (30.84)
 Intermediate2619 (46.02)6740 (45.78)
 High960 (16.87)3442 (23.38)
Urbanisation<0.001
 Rural491 (8.63)1601 (10.87)
 Suburban3228 (56.72)9289 (63.10)
 Urban1972 (34.65)3832 (26.03)
Comorbidity
 Cancer1149 (20.19)5076 (34.48)<0.001
 Diabetes881 (15.48)3857 (26.20)<0.001
 Chronic kidney disease754 (13.25)2814 (19.11)<0.001
 Congestive heart failure381 (6.69)1822 (12.38)<0.001
 Coronary heart disease691 (12.14)3132 (21.27)<0.001
 Liver cirrhosis751 (13.20)2652 (18.01)<0.001
 COPD1212 (21.30)3546 (24.09)<0.001
 Dementia65 (1.14)546 (3.71)<0.001
 Cerebrovascular disease678 (11.91)3114 (21.15)<0.001
Utilisation of hospice care services during the last year of life328 (5.76)1811 (12.30)<0.001
  • *Unless stated otherwise.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.