Table 1

Female representation by surgical specialty for 2020 and estimated odds ratios (OR) compared to Urology (green = greater OR, red = lesser OR, black = non-significant difference). Specialties listed by female representation (%) in descending order

Surgical specialtyTotalFemaleOR95% CIP value
Registrars NN% <0.001
Ophthalmology71535549.7 2.14 1.68 to 2.72
Otolaryngology55026548.2 2.01 1.56 to 2.60
Paediatric Surgery1657545.5 1.81 1.26 to 2.59
Plastic Surgery45019042.2 1.58 1.21 to 2.07
General Surgery164565539.8 1.43 1.15 to 1.78
Urology47515031.61
Vascular Surgery1203025.00.720.46 to 1.14
Neurosurgery3859524.7 0.71 0.52 to 0.96
Cardiothoracic surgery3056521.3 0.59 0.42 to 0.82
Trauma and Orthopaedics172535520.6 0.56 0.45 to 0.70
Consultants NN% <0.001
Ophthalmology149548532.4 3.63 2.91 to 4.54
Paediatric Surgery2056531.7 3.51 2.47 to 5.00
Plastic Surgery55011520.9 2.00 1.51 to 2.65
General Surgery262546017.5 1.61 1.29 to 2.00
Otolaryngology79513517.0 1.55 1.18 to 2.02
Vascular Surgery2553513.71.200.80 to 1.81
Urology98511511.71
Cardiothoracic surgery4154510.80.920.64 to 1.33
Neurosurgery365308.20.680.44 to 1.03
Trauma and Orthopaedics27502007.3 0.59 0.47 to 0.76