Table 2

Sociodemographic characteristics of the enrolled women from baseline survey

VariableControl clinic,
n (%)
Intervention clinic, n (%)
Enrolled women
 Total n29492522
Baseline survey
 Available2233 (76)2080 (82)
 Missing716 (24)442 (18)
Self-rated maternal health
 Very good4 (0.2)3 (0.1)
 Good771 (35)718 (35)
 Moderate1445 (65)1351 (65)
 Bad12 (0.5)6 (0.3)
 Very bad0 (0)0 (0)
 Missing*1 (0.04)2 (0.1)
Maternal education level
 None or only literacy15 (0.7)17 (0.8)
 Primary incomplete631 (28)540 (26)
 Primary complete860 (39)796 (38)
 Secondary incomplete352 (16)343 (16)
 Secondary complete292 (13)292 (14)
 University/college79 (4)91 (4)
 Don’t know/other/missing*4 (0.2)1 (0.05)
Mode of travel to facility for enrolment visit
 Public transport, for example, bus727 (33)718 (35)
 Mini bus taxi0 (0)0 (0)
 Metered/taxi4 (0.2)7 (0.3)
 Walking1485 (67)1341 (64)
 Car1 (0.04)1 (0.05)
 Other16 (0.7)11 (0.5)
 Missing*0 (0)2 (0.1)
Travel time to facility for enrolment visit
 <1 hour1444 (65)1314 (63)
 1–2 hours741 (33)699 (34)
 2–3 hours43 (2)60 (3)
 >3 hours4 (0.2)5 (0.2)
 Missing*1 (0.04)2 (0.1)
  • *Of those women with baseline survey recorded.