Table 2

Unadjusted and adjusted patient visit characteristics associated with urgent care and general practice setting interventions, compared against ED only intervention

CharacteristicUrgent care centre versus EDGeneral practice versus ED
Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Unadjusted OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted OR
(95% CI)
Intercept-2.72 (2.68 to 2.76)-0.25 (0.24 to 0.26)
Sex, male0.92 (0.91 to 0.92)0.92 (0.91 to 0.92)1.15 (1.14 to 1.16)1.02 (1.00 to 1.03)
Age, years
 18-39----
 40-640.67 (0.66 to 0.68)0.69 (0.69 to 0.70)0.37 (0.36 to 0.37)0.50 (0.49 to 0.50)
 65-1050.63 (0.62 –0.64)0.64 (0.63 to 0.65)0.20 (0.20 to 0.21)0.32 (0.32 to 0.33)
Acuity
 Emergent----
 Urgent1.38 (1.37 to 1.38)1.38 (1.37 to 1.39)1.44 (1.42 to 1.45)1.49 (1.47 to 1.51)
 Non-urgent3.21 (3.16 to 3.26)3.10 (3.05 to 3.15)5.05 (4.95 to 5.15)4.40 (4.30 to 4.50)
Time of Triage
 Day----
 Evening1.11 (1.10 to 1.12)1.10 (1.09 to 1.11)1.45 (1.43 to 1.46)1.21 (1.19 to 1.22)
 Overnight1.20 (1.19 to 1.21)1.16 (1.15 to 1.17)1.75 (1.73 to 1.77)1.31 (1.29 to 1.33)
Diagnosis
 Diseases of circulatory system----
 Diseases of respiratory system3.81 (3.75 to 3.86)3.49 (3.44 to 3.54)4.18 (4.06 to 4.31)0.81 (0.78 to 0.85)
 Diseases of digestive system1.06 (1.04 to 1.07)0.88 (0.87 to 0.89)1.20 (1.16 to 1.25)1.10 (1.05 to 1.14)
 Diseases of genitourinary system1.17 (1.15 to 1.18)0.95 (0.94 to 0.97)1.59 (1.54 to 1.66)1.15 (1.11 to 1.20)
 Mental and behavioural disorders1.52 (1.50 to 1.54)1.06 (1.04 to 1.08)17.31 (16.85 to 17.79)9.85 (9.56 to 10.14)
 Symptoms, Signs & Ab. Clin. Labs*1.17 (1.16 to 1.19)0.92 (0.91 to 0.93)2.08 (2.03 to 2.13)1.38 (1.34 to 1.42)
 Injury, Poison., Conseq. of Ext Causes†1.50 (1.48 to 1.52)1.00 (0.99 to 1.01)6.06 (5.91 to 6.21)3.38 (3.29 to 3.48)
 Other1.14 (1.12 to 1.15)0.88 (0.87 to 0.89)1.51 (1.47 to 1.55)1.04 (1.01 to 1.07)
Visit outcome
 Discharged----
 Admitted0.70 (0.69 to 0.70)0.74 (0.73 to 0.74)0.36 (0.36 to 0.36)0.51 (0.50 to 0.52)
 Other0.67 (0.66 to 0.68)0.74 (0.73 to 0.75)0.87 (0.85 to 0.89)1.00 (0.98 to 1.03)
 Concordance statistic‡-0.625-0.772
  • *Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings.

  • †Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes.

  • ‡Reported as area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (95% CI).

  • ED, emergency department.