Table 2

Total population mean anthropometric z-scores, malnutrition and anaemia prevalence at baseline

Mean anthropometric baseline z-scoresz-score (±SD)
Weight-for-age z-score (0–10 years) (n=2308)−1.48±1.54
Height-for-age z-score (0–18 years) (n=1686)−1.74±1.67
Weight-for-height z-score (0–5 years) (n=1678)−0.42±1.49
BMI z-score (0–18 years) (n=2733)−0.62±1.45
Mid upper arm circumference-for-age z-score (6 months to 5 years) (n=426)−0.33±1.20
Head circumference-for-age z-score (0–5 years) (n=1095)−1.26±1.37
Malnutrition prevalencen (%)
Underweight (WAZ) (0–10 years) (n=2308)
 Normal (≥2)1520 (65.9)
 Moderate (≥3 to ≤2)443 (19.2)
 Severe (<-3)345 (15)
Stunting (HAZ) (0–18 years) (n=2812)
 Normal (≥2)1764 (62.7)
 Moderate (≥3 to ≤2)560 (19.9)
 Severe (≤3)488 (17.4)
Wasted (WHZ) (0–5 years) (n=1678)
 Normal (≥2)1466 (87.4)
 Moderate (≥3 to ≤2)137 (8.2)
 Severe (≤3)75 (4.5)
Overweight/thinness (BMIZ) (5–18 years) (n=1123)
 Obese (≥2)17 (1.5)
 Overweight (≥1 to <2)118 (10.5)
 Normal (≥2 to <1)874 (77.8)
 Thinness (≥3 to ≤2)80 (7.1)
 Severe thinness (≤3)34 (3)
Head circumference (HCAZ) (0–5 years) (n=1095)
 Severe large (≥3)7 (0.6)
 Large (≥2 to <3)10 (0.9)
 Normal (≥2 to <2)739 (67.5)
 Small (≥3 to ≤2)214 (19.5)
 Severe small (≤3)125 (11.4)
Anaemia (0–18 years) (n=2494)
 Normal1777 (71.3)
 Mild413 (16.6)
 Moderate287 (11.5)
 Severe17 (0.7)
  • ACAZ, mid-upper arm circumference-for-age z-score; BMI, body mass index; HAZ, height-for-age z-score; HCAZ, head circumference-for-age z-score; WAZ, weight-for-age z-score; WHZ, weight-for-height z-score.