Table 3

Knowledge of malaria and treatment

Village A (n=202)Village B (n=111)
What causes malaria? n (%)
Mosquito bites115 (56.9)85 (76.6)
Eating dirty food17 (8.4)9 (8.1)
Eating uncooked food6 (3.0)7 (6.3)
Drinking dirty water30 (14.9)27 (24.3)
Witchcraft00
Going to the forest73 (36.1)49 (44.1)
Changing weather8 (4.0)3 (2.7)
Getting soaked with rain3 (1.5)1 (0.9)
How to protect yourself against malaria? n (%)
Sleep under an insecticide-treated mosquito net150 (74.3)101 (91.0)
Use mosquito repellent9 (4.5)4 (3.6)
Avoid mosquito bites9 (4.5)5 (4.5)
Avoid going to the forest10 (5.0)4 (3.6)
Take preventive medicine2 (1.0)0
Spray house with insecticide8 (4.0)1 (0.9)
Use mosquito coils10 (5.0)4 (3.6)
Fill in puddles around the house18 (8.9)3 (2.7)
Keep surrounding of the house clean54 (26.7)42 (37.8)
Burn leaves4 (2.0)10 (9.0)
Do not drink dirty water23 (11.4)28 (25.2)
Do not eat dirty food8 (4.0)12 (10.8)
Put mosquito screens on the window01 (0.9)
Do not get soaked with rain water00
What are the symptoms that indicate a person has malaria? n (%)
Fever115 (56.9)70 (63.1)
Feeling cold89 (44.1)73 (65.8)
Headache116 (57.4)85 (76.6)
Nausea and vomiting30 (14.9)17 (15.3)
Diarrhoea2 (1.0)2 (1.8)
Dizziness16 (7.9)13 (11.7)
Loss of appetite12 (5.9)4 (3.6)
Bodyache/joint pain58 (28.7)23 (20.7)
Pale eyes5 (2.5)0
Feeling weak14 (6.9)9 (8.1)
What is the most effective medication to treat malaria? n (%)
Chloroquine01 (0.9)
Quinine2 (1.0)3 (2.7)
Artemisinin combination therapy (Coartem TM)3 (1.5)12 (10.8)
Aspirin, panadol and paracetamol12 (5.9)8 (7.2)
Do not know185 (91.6)85 (76.6)
What are the main danger signs of malaria? n (%)
Seizure29 (14.4)16 (14.4)
Fainting7 (3.5)5 (4.5)
Any fever8 (4.0)1 (0.9)
High fever26 (12.9)20 (18.0)
Stiff neck2 (1.0)3 (2.7)
Feeling weak8 (4.0)3 (2.7)
Not active2 (1.0)2 (1.8)
Chills/shivering30 (14.9)24 (21.6)
Not able to eat4 (2.0)1 (0.9)
Vomiting9 (4.5)18 (16.2)
Crying all the time4 (2.0)1 (0.9)
Restless19 (9.4)14 (12.6)
Diarrhoea02 (1.8)