Table 4

Determinants of choosing modern healthcare providers for first consultation (using multilevel logistic regression analyses)

FactorsVariableCategoryModel 1Model 2Model 3
AOR95% CIP valueAOR95% CIP valueAOR95% CIP value
Intercept3.05(2.095 to 4.439)0.000*2.977(2.042 to 4.341)0.001*2.977(2.039 to 4.345)0.001*
Predisposing factorsSexFemaleRRR
Male1.002(0.955 to 1.053)0.9411.001(0.944 to 1.062)0.9641.001(0.944 to 1.062)0.964
Age18–35RRR
≤180.968(0.879 to 1.066)0.4980.976(0.881 to 1.081)0.6390.976(0.878 to 1.085)0.651
35–600.988(0.922 to 1.059)0.7220.99(0.924 to 1.062)0.7870.99(0.923 to 1.063)0.791
60+0.965(0.878 to 1.06)0.4480.96(0.872 to 1.056)0.40.96(0.872 to 1.056)0.402
Marital statusOthersRRR
Married1.029(0.945 to 1.121)0.521.026(0.942 to 1.118)0.5511.026(0.942 to 1.118)0.551
Enabling factorsEducationOthersRR
Graduate or postgraduate1.004(0.819 to 1.232)0.9671.004(0.819 to 1.232)0.967
Region of residenceRuralRR
Urban1.107(1.048 to 1.169)0.001*1.107(1.048 to 1.169)0.001*
Family breadwinnerNoRR
Yes1.004(0.931 to 1.083)0.921.004(0.931 to 1.083)0.92
Travel timeLess than 1 hourRR
1–2 hours1.108(1.004 to 1.223)0.042*1.108(1.004 to 1.223)0.042*
More than 2 hours1.119(0.977 to 1.281)0.1051.119(0.977 to 1.281)0.106
Waiting timeLess than 1 hourRR
1–2 hours1.055(0.937 to 1.188)0.3771.055(0.937 to 1.188)0.377
More than 2 hours1.19(0.982 to 1.442)0.0771.19(0.982 to 1.442)0.077
Low costNoRR
Yes0.983(0.926 to 1.044)0.5850.983(0.926 to 1.044)0.585
Quality of the providerOthersRR
Yes0.963(0.905 to 1.023)0.2230.963(0.905 to 1.023)0.224
Income≤7202 BDT monthlyRR
≤28 044 BDT monthly0.967(0.921 to 1.016)0.1890.967(0.921 to 1.016)0.189
≤86 872 BDT monthly1.136(0.93 to 1.387)0.2121.136(0.93 to 1.387)0.212
>86 872 BDT monthly1.007(0.499 to 2.035)0.9841.007(0.499 to 2.035)0.984
Need factorChronic illnessNoR
Yes1.000(0.941 to 1.063)1
  • *P<0.05.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; BDT, Bangladesh Taka; R, reference category.