Table 1

Proportion of HIV testing by sociodemographic characteristics among women and men

CharacteristicsWomenMen
Total, n (%)Ever tested HIV (%)Total, n (%)Ever tested HIV (%)
12 86210.8406320.5
Age
15–192598 (20.2)4.0***931 (22.9)5.3***
20–242251 (17.5)14.5649 (16.0)20.1
25–292135 (16.6)19.1525 (12.9)31.4
30–393378 (26.3)12.01079 (26.5)29.9
40–492500 (19.4)5.6879 (21.6)19.0
Mean (SD)29.3 (9.7)29.6 (10.2)
Ethnicity
Hill Brahmin/Chhetri3855 (30.0)16.0***1144 (28.2)20.4
Terai caste2126 (16.5)4.1683 (16.8)24.8
Janajatis4600 (35.8)11.11546 (38.1)18.4
Dalit/muslim/other2281 (17.7)7.5689 (17.0)21.1
Education
No education4281 (33.3)5.2***391 (9.6)13.1*
Primary2150 (16.7)8.9789 (19.4)18.6
Secondary4516 (35.1)11.51990 (49.0)22.1
Higher1915 (14.9)23.5893 (22.0)22.0
Place of residence
Urban8072 (62.8)12.3**2647 (65.2)20.7
Rural4790 (37.2)8.21416 (34.8)20.2
Wealth quintile
Poorest2176 (16.9)8.2***623 (15.3)14.1***
Poorer2525 (19.6)8.3706 (17.4)13.4
Middle2594 (20.2)8.0758 (18.7)22.0
Richer2765 (21.5)10.1982 (24.2)24.9
Richest2801 (21.8)18.3994 (24.5)24.0
Marital status
Never married2669 (20.7)2.91355 (33.4)9.1***
Married/living together9875 (76.8)12.92675 (65.8)26.3
Divorced/separated/widowed318 (2.5)9.733 (0.8)20.7
Occupation
Did not work4259 (33.1)10.5***581 (14.3)12.2***
Agricultural6011 (46.7)8.61144 (28.2)18.2
Professional/clerical659 (5.1)22.4547 (13.5)23.7
Manual labour1933 (15.0)14.11786 (44.0)23.7
Comprehensive knowledge on HIV
No10 357 (80.5)8.6***2921 (71.9)18.6***
Yes2505 (19.5)19.51142 (28.1)25.3
HIV discriminatory behaviour(n=10 348)(n=3965)
No6214 (60.0)16.22663 (67.2)21.4
Yes4135 (40.0)9.21302 (32.8)20.2
Any media exposure
Not at all2062 (16.0)4.1***255 (6.3)11.5**
At least once a week4166 (32.4)11.71144 (28.1)24.1
Less than once a week6634 (51.6)12.32664 (65.6)19.8
Recent risky sexual activity
No12 846 (99.9)10.83709 (91.3)20.4
Yes16 (0.1)22.4354 (8.7)22.0
Ever paid for sex
No12 861 (99.9)10.83911 (96.3)19.6***
Yes1 (0.01)0.0152 (3.7)44.7
Knowledge for treatment for HIV(n=10 348)(n=3965)
No/don’t know5390 (52.1)12.82729 (68.8)20.2
Yes4959 (47.9)14.01236 (31.2)22.8
Age at first sexual intercourse(n=10 157)(n=3083)
<15 years1161 (11.4)8.2***136 (4.4)21.1
15–19 years6574 (64.7)11.61515 (49.1)24.4
 20–24 years2052 (20.2)19.51022 (33.1)25.2
25 and above years370 (3.7)22.7410 (13.3)28.5
Mean (SD)14.0 (7.7)15.1 (9.1)
Number of lifetime sexual partners(n=10 207)(n=3097)
19877 (96.8)12.91857 (60.0)22.1**
2+330 (3.2)12.01240 (40.0)29.4
Mean (SD)1.04 (0.46)2.36 (4.83)
  • ***p<0.001, **p<0.01, *p<0.05 (χ2 test).