Table 3

Participant characteristics at age 52 follow-up in 2019

CharacteristicWomen (n=648)Men (n=512)Total (n=1160)
N%N%N%
Age (mean, SD)51.9(0.33)51.9(0.37)51.9(0.35)
Basic education, completed high school
Yes (12 years)39260.725049.064255.5
No (9 years)25439.326051.051444.5
Highest level of education
University level15223.612324.227523.9
Polytechnic or equivalent institution29946.417734.847641.3
Vocational school or less19430.120840.940234.9
Employment status
Working full-time51179.043184.794281.5
Working part-time507.7132.6635.4
Unemployed426.5265.1685.9
Disability pension, retired or long-term sick leave274.2316.1585.0
Other172.681.6252.2
Household income (EUR)
0–19999114.26212.215313.4
2000–399923236.315330.238533.6
4000–699925740.222344.048041.9
7000–599.26913.612811.2
Housing
Owner-occupied flat/house51379.341381.392680.2
Right of residence apartments or part-ownership dwelling203.1132.6332.9
Rented flat11017.07915.618916.4
Other40.630.670.6
Marital status
Unmarried7611.76913.514512.5
Married38759.731661.770360.6
Cohabiting9314.48416.417715.3
Divorced or separated8212.7428.212410.7
Widowed101.510.2110.9
Having children
012119.110019.822119.4
18613.67715.316314.3
223336.816733.140035.1
3 or more19430.616031.735431.1
Good self-perceived health†46672.634166.780770.0
Depressed*14622.58015.722619.5
Body mass index (mean, SD)27.3(5.52)28.2(4.75)27.7(5.21)
Daily smoking8413.07013.915413.4
Alcohol use
2 times/week or more often12419.216632.529025.1
  • *Short 13-item Beck Depression Inventory score ≥5.

  • †Self-perceived health 'rather good' or 'very good'.