Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
  • Adult aged 18–64 years; permanent residents of Dhulikhel municipality and Patan

  • Indian Diabetes Risk Score ≥60

  • Random blood sugar test ≥140 to 250 mg/dL

  • Pre-diabetes: participants with HbA1c from 5.7% to 6.4%

  • People with type 1 diabetes (self-reported)

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Under medication

  • HbA1c criteria (≥6.5 %)

  • Currently pregnant

  • Critically ill patients

  • HbA1c, haemoglobin A1c.