Table 1

Locations and manipulations of acupoints

AcupointLocationManipulation
Acupoints around the eyeTaiyang
(EX-HN5)
Flat part at each side of the foreheadPuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 0.3–0.5 cun*
Cuanzhu
(BL2)
On the medial end of the eyebrowPuncture horizontally or obliquely to a depth of 0.5–0.8 cun toward the middle of the eyebrows
Yuyao
(EX-HN4)
Directly above the pupil,in the centre of the eyebrowPuncture horizontally or obliquely to a depth of 0.3–0.5 cun
Qiuhou
(EX-HN7)
In the face and the outer quarter of the lower orbital margin meets the inner three-quartersGently push the eye up,puncture slowly and perpendicularly to a depth of 0.5–1.5 cun toward the orbital rim
Jingming
(BL1)
In the depression and 0.1 cun above the inner canthusPuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 0.3–0.5 cun close to the orbital rim
Body acupointsBaihui
(GV20)
On the midline of the head, 7 cun directly above the midpoint of the posterior hairlinePuncture horizontally to a depth of 0.5–0.8 cun
Hegu
(LI4)
Between the first and second metacarpal bones,and in the midpoint of the radial side of the second metacarpal bonePuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 0.5–0.8 cun
Taichong
(LR3)
In the depression anterior to the junction of first and second metatarsal bonesPuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 0.5–1 cun
Sanyinjiao
(SP6)
Three cun superior to the prominence of the medial malleolus, posterior to the medial border of the tibiaPuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 1–1.5 cun
Zusanli
(ST36)
Three cun directly below Dubi†, and one finger-breadth lateral to the anterior border of the tibiaPuncture perpendicularly to a depth of 1–2 cun
  • *1 cun (≈20 mm) is defined as the width of the interphalangeal joint of patient’s thumb.

  • †Dubi is in the lateral depression of the patellar ligament, when the knee is flexed.