Table 3

Factors associated with anosmia/ageusia during or after the first epidemic peak (as compared with no reported anosmia/ageusia starting after lockdown)

Crude modelM0M1M2
+Social variables+Exposure variables*+Health variables
During peak,
OR (95% CI)
After peak,
OR (95% CI)
During peak,
OR (95% CI)
After peak,
OR (95% CI)
During peak,
OR (95% CI)
After peak,
OR (95% CI)
During peak,
OR (95% CI)
After peak,
OR (95% CI)
Age
 18–2411111111
 25–341.68 (1.36 to 2.07)1.18 (0.87 to 1.60)1.44 (1.15 to 1.80)1.03 (0.77 to 1.47)1.45 (1.16 to 1.82)1.04 (0.73 to 1.48)1.43 (1.14 to 1.80)0.93 (0.66 to 1.32)
 35–441.56 (1.27 to 1.91)1.22 (0.91 to 1.65)1.36 (1.09 to 1.68)1.07 (0.76 to 1.51)1.41 (1.13 to 1.76)1.08 (0.76 to 1.52)1.37 (1.10 to 1.72)0.90 (0.64 to 1.27)
 45–541.43 (1.17 to 1.74)0.86 (0.63 to 1.18)1.30 (1.05 to 1.61)0.77 (0.54 to 1.09)1.37 (1.10 to 1.70)0.80 (0.55 to 1.14)1.31 (1.05 to 1.63)0.63 (0.44 to 0.90)
 55–640.89 (0.71 to 1.11)0.76 (0.54 to 1.06)0.84 (0.66 to 1.06)0.67 (0.44 to 1.02)0.91 (0.72 to 1.14)0.73 (0.47 to 1.12)0.84 (0.66 to 1.07)0.54 (0.36 to 0.82)
Sex
 Men11111111
 Women1.57 (1.40 to 1.76)1.40 (1.14 to 1.71)1.52 (1.34 to 1.71)1.37 (1.10 to 1.70)1.52 (1.35 to 1.72)1.38 (1.11 to 1.71)1.51 (1.34 to 1.70)1.42 (1.14 to 1.77)
Ethnoracial status
 Mainstream population11111111
 Non-racialised first-generation immigrants1.52 (1.16 to 2.00)2.00 (1.14 to 3.53)1.55 (1.18 to 2.04)2.08 (1.18 to 3.65)1.25 (0.95 to 1.65)1.71 (1.00 to 2.94)1.26 (0.95 to 1.66)1.77 (1.04 to 3.04)
 Non-racialised second-generation immigrants1.40 (1.07 to 1.82)1.16 (0.77 to 1.76)1.41 (1.09 to 1.84)1.17 (0.77 to 1.77)1.26 (0.97 to 1.64)1.08 (0.71 to 1.63)1.26 (0.96 to 1.64)1.07 (0.71 to 1.62)
 Racialised first-generation immigrants1.46 (1.18 to 1.80)1.20 (0.82 to 1.75)1.52 (1.23 to 1.88)1.24 (0.84 to 1.83)1.08 (0.87 to 1.35)0.89 (0.60 to 1.33)1.12 (0.89 to 1.40)0.95 (0.64 to 1.42)
 Racialised second generation immigrants2.01 (1.63 to 2.48)1.87 (1.34 to 2.63)1.97 (1.59 to 2.43)1.79 (1.27 to 2.51)1.46 (1.18 to 1.81)1.39 (0.98 to 1.98)1.48 (1.19 to 1.83)1.42 (1.00 to 2.01)
 DOM or descendants of DOM native2.01 (1.43 to 2.81)2.02 (1.21 to 3.36)1.96 (1.40 to 2.75)1.93 (1.16 to 3.24)1.50 (1.07 to 2.11)1.56 (0.93 to 2.60)1.50 (1.07 to 2.12)1.50 (0.89 to 2.52)
Social class
 Self-employed and entrepreneurs0.62 (0.47 to 0.83)1.30 (0.77 to 2.19)0.66 (0.49 to 0.88)1.35 (0.81 to 2.27)0.77 (0.57 to 1.04)1.30 (0.77 to 2.18)0.79 (0.58 to 1.07)1.25 (0.74 to 2.11)
 Senior executive professionals11111111
 Middle executive professionals0.93 (0.79 to 1.10)1.47 (1.09 to 1.98)0.92 (0.78 to 1.08)1.44 (1.07 to 1.95)1.04 (0.88 to 1.24)1.43 (1.05 to 1.94)1.05 (0.88 to 1.24)1.36 (1.00 to 1.85)
 Skilled employees0.99 (0.81 to 1.21)1.07 (0.73 to 1.58)0.83 (0.67 to 1.02)0.91 (0.62 to 1.35)0.95 (0.77 to 1.17)0.93 (0.62 to 1.39)0.95 (0.77 to 1.17)0.91 (0.61 to 1.35)
 Low-skilled employees0.76 (0.64 to 0.91)1.23 (0.90 to 1.68)0.70 (0.59 to 0.84)1.17 (0.85 to 1.61)0.80 (0.66 to 0.97)1.09 (0.77 to 1.53)0.81 (0.67 to 0.99)1.00 (0.71 to 1.41)
 Skilled manual workers0.47 (0.35 to 0.62)0.83 (0.55 to 1.24)0.51 (0.39 to 0.67)0.89 (0.59 to 1.33)0.61 (0.46 to 0.82)0.85 (0.55 to 1.30)0.63 (0.47 to 0.83)0.79 (0.51 to 1.21)
 Low-skilled manual workers0.52 (0.35 to 0.79)0.93 (0.57 to 1.54)0.52 (0.34 to 0.78)0.91 (0.55 to 1.51)0.65 (0.43 to 1.00)0.90 (0.53 to 1.51)0.67 (0.44 to 1.02)0.82 (0.49 to 1.39)
 Never worked and others0.64 (0.54 to 0.77)0.94 (0.67 to 1.33)0.64 (0.53 to 0.78)0.85 (0.57 to 1.29)0.81 (0.64 to 1.01)0.85 (0.54 to 1.33)0.81 (0.64 to 1.01)0.80 (0.51 to 1.25)
High density of the place of residence
 No111111
 Yes1.83 (1.64 to 2.05)1.38 (1.14 to 1.68)1.21 (1.06 to 1.38)0.96 (0.77 to 1.21)1.21 (1.06 to 1.38)0.95 (0.76 to 1.20)
Overcrowded housing
 No111111
 Yes1.38 (1.19 to 1.62)1.74 (1.32 to 2.31)1.03 (0.87 to 1.21)1.41 (1.05 to 1.89)1.04 (0.88 to 1.22)1.41 (1.05 to 1.89)
Working arrangement during lockdown
 Remote working only111111
 Not working and others0.65 (0.56 to 0.76)1.13 (0.84 to 1.53)1.00 (0.82 to 1.21)1.41 (1.00 to 1.99)0.99 (0.82 to 1.21)1.34 (0.95 to 1.88)
 Working outside the home partly or only0.80 (0.69 to 0.92)1.36 (1.03 to 1.81)1.18 (1.01 to 1.38)1.65 (1.22 to 2.21)1.19 (1.02 to 1.40)1.64 (1.21 to 2.20)
  • Significant associations are indicated in bold.

  • Multinomial logistic regressions.

  • *Including regions (data not shown).

  • DOM, French Overseas Departments.