Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with anosmia/ageusia

Anosmia/ageusia,*
n=2052 (1.53%)
P value†Anosmia/ageusia during peak, n=1521 (1.12%)Anosmia/ageusia after peak, n=531 (0.41%)
Age (years)<0.001
 18–24253 (1.27)168 (0.86)85 (0.41)
 25–34431 (1.92)322 (1.43)109 (0.48)
 35–44510 (1.83)379 (1.33)131 (0.50)
 45–54521 (1.57)407 (1.22)114 (0.35)
 55–64337 (1.07)245 (0.76)92 (0.31)
Sex<0.001
 Men773 (1.22)570 (0.88)203 (0.34)
 Women1279 (1.84)951 (1.37)328 (0.47)
Ethnoracial status<0.001
 Mainstream population1454 (1.35)1075 (0.98)379 (0.36)
 Non-racialised first-generation immigrants94 (2.20)69 (1.48)25 (0.72)
 Non-racialised second-generation immigrants108 (1.79)80 (1.37)28 (0.42)
 Racialised first-generation immigrants164 (1.86)127 (1.43)37 (0.43)
 Racialised second generation immigrants170 (2.62)125 (1.95)45 (0.67)
 DOM or descendants of DOM native62 (2.67)45 (1.95)17 (0.72)
Social class<0.001
 Self-employed and entrepreneurs92 (1.39)63 (0.91)29 (0.48)
 Senior executive professionals454 (1.81)365 (1.45)89 (0.37)
 Middle executive professionals434 (1.89)313 (1.35)121 (0.54)
 Skilled employees203 (1.83)160 (1.44)43 (0.39)
 Low-skilled employees356 (1.56)254 (1.10)102 (0.45)
 Skilled manual workers125 (0.99)87 (0.68)38 (0.31)
 Low-skilled manual workers62 (1.11)38 (0.76)24 (0.34)
 Never worked and others326 (1.28)241 (0.93)85 (0.35)
Standard of living (in deciles)0.003
 D1209 (1.41)140 (0.92)69 (0.49)
 D2-D3316 (1.33)221 (0.94)95 (0.39)
 D4-D5349 (1.49)255 (1.10)94 (0.39)
 D6-D7389 (1.47)295 (1.10)94 (0.37)
 D8-D9519 (1.77)388 (1.32)131 (0.45)
 D10247 (1.74)209 (1.46)38 (0.28)
Formal education<0.001
 No diploma123 (1.43)82 (0.89)41 (0.54)
 Primary education74 (1.03)53 (0.77)21 (0.25)
 Vocational secondary335 (1.17)229 (0.80)106 (0.36)
 High school467 (1.48)330 (1.03)137 (0.44)
 High school+2–4 years663 (1.82)502 (1.38)161 (0.44)
 High school+5 or more years390 (1.95)325 (1.62)65 (0.33)
Working arrangement during lockdown<0.001
 Not working and others669 (1.33)484 (0.96)185 (0.38)
 Remote working only376 (1.79)308 (1.46)68 (0.33)
 Working outside the home partly or only1007 (1.62)729 (1.16)278 (0.45)
High density of the place of residence<0.001
 No1078 (1.21)778 (0.85)300 (0.36)
 Yes974 (2.04)743 (1.56)231 (0.49)
Overcrowded housing<0.001
 No1719 (1.44)1280 (1.07)439 (0.37)
 Yes333 (2.12)241 (1.47)92 (0.64)
Number of persons living in the house<0.001
 1232 (1.34)175 (1.01)57 (0.33)
 2472 (1.28)348 (0.94)124 (0.35)
 3–4979 (1.61)720 (1.17)259 (0.44)
 5 or more369 (1.95)278 (1.46)91 (0.49)
Essential occupation<0.001
 No1193 (1.39)908 (1.05)285 (0.34)
 Healthcare workers205 (2.94)131 (1.78)74 (1.16)
 Others654 (1.61)482 (1.18)172 (0.43)
Region<0.001
 Least affected regions866 (1.04)622 (0.73)244 (0.31)
 Grand Est305 (2.15)242 (1.72)63 (0.43)
 Hauts-de-France215 (1.50)147 (1.03)68 (0.47)
 Ile-de-France666 (2.85)510 (2.16)156 (0.68)
  • Data are presented as n (%).

  • Significant χ2 tests are indicated in bold.

  • *Symptoms were recorded if they occured between the 17 March 2020 and the date of survey (from 2 May to 2 June 2020).

  • †χ2 test for anosmia/ageusia during the whole period (yes or no).

  • DOM, French Overseas Departments.