Table 2

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with COVID-19 risk factors

High density of the place of residence,
n=27 104 (38.6%)
Overcrowded housing, n=8430 (13.2%)Worked outside the home during lockdown,
n=37 129 (47.7%)
Age (years)
 18–243506 (38.5)1225 (13.9)2794 (27.5)
 25–345504 (47.2)2051 (18.1)6366 (50.1)
 35–446128 (39.8)2786 (19.8)9239 (56.0)
 45–546298 (35.7)1748 (11.6)11 374 (59.0)
 55–645668 (33.5)620 (4.5)7356 (39.1)
Sex
 Men12 404 (38.1)3880 (13.1)18 148 (50.6)
 Women14 700 (39.0)4550 (13.4)18 981 (44.7)
Ethnoracial status
 Mainstream population18 772 (31.8)4823 (8.7)30 625 (49.0)
 Non-racialised first-generation immigrants1128 (51.0)432 (21.3)1100 (47.0)
 Non-racialised second-generation immigrants1391 (40.1)360 (11.0)1815 (48.1)
 Racialised first-generation immigrants2894 (72.6)1655 (41.4)1744 (41.4)
 Racialised second generation immigrants2297 (68.0)954 (29.2)1303 (37.4)
 DOM or descendants of DOM native622 (56.6)206 (20.5)542 (48.5)
Social class
 Self-employed and entrepreneurs1133 (32.0)390 (11.7)2671 (68.1)
 Senior executive professionals7959 (53.5)1373 (10.3)6448 (39.2)
 Middle executive professionals4633 (36.4)1235 (10.2)8142 (57.9)
 Skilled employees2494 (41.2)708 (12.2)3543 (52.0)
 Low-skilled employees3885 (36.1)1498 (13.7)7562 (58.1)
 Skilled manual workers1589 (28.7)862 (15.0)4466 (66.1)
 Low-skilled manual workers743 (27.4)515 (17.5)1843 (56.9)
 Never worked and others4668 (38.9)1849 (16.7)2454 (16.6)
Standard of living (in deciles)
 D13068 (46.9)1794 (28.2)2796 (34.7)
 D2-D34082 (40.4)2317 (22.1)5405 (45.5)
 D4-D53761 (33.1)1506 (12.8)7065 (53.4)
 D6-D74512 (31.9)1262 (8.5)8595 (54.6)
 D8-D96586 (37.7)1100 (6.3)8973 (47.7)
 D104773 (49.8)385 (4.3)4032 (40.1)
Formal education
 No diploma1790 (42.9)1065 (24.7)2052 (42.3)
 Primary education1093 (34.8)455 (13.5)1375 (39.4)
 Vocational secondary3670 (27.0)1613 (12.1)8848 (56.9)
 High school5356 (34.4)2036 (13.2)8810 (48.9)
 High school+2–4 years8007 (39.0)1991 (10.5)11 252 (49.0)
 High school+5 or more years7188 (61.1)1270 (11.7)4792 (36.5)
Region
 Least affected regions11 829 (26.8)4186 (10.3)24 673 (51.0)
 Grand Est1829 (26.4)551 (9.1)3814 (49.3)
 Hauts-de-France2294 (34.2)858 (12.3)3631 (44.5)
 Ile-de-France11 152 (83.4)2835 (24.8)5011 (37.8)
  • Data are presented as n (%).

  • All sociodemographic variables were significantly associated with each three COVID-19 exposure risk factors (p value <0.001, χ2 tests), except sex with high density (p value=0.051) and overcrowded housing (p value=0.30).

  • DOM, French Overseas Departments.