Table 3

Subgroup analysis of changes in healthy lifestyle score and HRQOL/QOL, stratified by covariates

VariablesChanges in healthy lifestyle score
High–HighLow–HighHigh–LowLow–Low
βSDP valueβSDP valueβSDP valueβSDP value
HRQOL
Gender
MaleRef.−1.1350.540.036−1.7180.5790.003−1.5740.4480.0004
FemaleRef.−0.9440.380.013−1.0970.3740.003−1.6390.326<0.0001
Age
45–54Ref.−0.5890.8420.484−0.7920.8440.348−1.3670.6790.0441
55–64Ref.−0.9820.5480.073−1.9190.5460−1.5930.4220.0002
≥65Ref.−1.1270.4190.007−1.1580.4230.006−1.6940.354<0.0001
Depression
YesRef.−1.4050.4610.002−1.3720.4640.003−1.6720.371<0.0001
NoRef.−0.6730.4160.106−1.2550.4230.003−1.4070.332<0.0001
QOL
Gender
MaleRef.−1.0770.4570.018−1.8050.5130−2.7910.4<0.0001
FemaleRef.−1.4320.349<0.0001−2.0180.343<0.0001−2.1470.313<0.0001
Age
45–54Ref.−1.9910.7520.008−2.4850.7470.001−3.7860.613<0.0001
55–64Ref.−1.3030.4950.008−2.0290.501<0.0001−2.4250.408<0.0001
≥65Ref.−1.1720.3790.002−1.7050.387<0.0001−2.2920.331<0.0001
Depression
YesRef.−1.3380.4220.002−1.7020.417<0.0001−2.2180.349<0.0001
NoRef.−1.1250.3640.002−2.0230.382<0.0001−2.6380.307<0.0001
  • β, regression coefficient; HRQOL, health-related quality of life; QOL, quality of life.