Table 4

Subgroup analysis of change in each component of the healthy lifestyle score

VariablesHRQOLQOL
βSDP valueβSDP value
Change in physical activity
High–HighRef.Ref.
Low–High−1.2170.267<0.0001−1.0190.241<0.0001
High–Low−2.7070.276<0.0001−2.8350.254<0.0001
Low–Low−3.7720.248<0.0001−4.0260.235<0.0001
Change in BMI status
High–HighRef.Ref.
Low–High−0.6580.2890.023−0.2380.2750.386
High–Low−0.3850.2950.1920.0860.2850.763
Low–Low0.3360.2660.207−0.1370.260.6
Change in smoking status
High–HighRef.Ref.
Low–High−0.8550.3940.03−0.3260.3810.392
High–Low−1.040.4490.021−2.430.423<0.0001
Low–Low−1.3620.332<0.0001−2.9070.334<0.0001
Change in drinking status
High–HighRef.Ref.
Low–High−0.0870.3830.82−1.1030.3610.002
High–Low−0.2180.4170.602−1.570.388<0.0001
Low–Low−1.2820.7440.085−2.780.750.0002
  • β, regression coefficient; BMI, body mass index; HRQOL, health-related quality of life; QOL, quality of life.