Table 2

General demographics and emergency characteristics of injured snowboarders in Austria (2005–2018)

Male (n=3536)Female (n=2155)P value
Age<0.001
 Median (IQR)24 (16–34)21 (15–31)
Activity prior to accident
 Downhill run2406 (83.9%)1334 (78.4%)<0.001
 Standing/sitting314 (11.0%)268 (15.8%)<0.001
 Other147 (5.1%)99 (5.8%)0.472
 Missing669454
Terrain
 Slope2923 (87.6%)1807 (91.4%)0.261
 Park161 (4.8%)42 (2.1%)<0.001
 Other252 (7.6%)127 (6.4%)0.079
 Missing200179
Difficulty level of terrain
 Blue1277 (46.1%)869 (52.4%)0.002
 Red1180 (42.6%)661 (39.9%)0.037
 Black116 (4.2%)41 (2.5%)0.003
 Other195 (7.0%)87 (5.2%)0.015
 Missing923343
Cause of accident
 Interindividual collision2717 (80.8%)1766 (87.9%)<0.001
 Fall435 (12.9%)193 (9.6%)<0.001
 Obstacle impact146 (4.3%)31 (1.5%)<0.001
 Other63 (1.9%)18 (0.9%)0.005
 Missing175147
Helmet use0.09
 Yes2031 (67.0%)1231 (69.4%)
 No1001 (33.0%)544 (30.6%)
 Missing504380
Alcohol influence<0.001
 Yes51 (1.6%)10 (0.5%)
 No3133 (98.4%)1909 (99.5%)
 Missing352236
Injury severity
 Mild1720 (48.6%)1215 (56.4%)<0.001
 Severe1273 (36.0%)639 (29.7%)<0.001
 Fatal33 (0.9%)8 (0.4%)0.023
 Undefined510 (14.4%)293 (13.6%)0.407
 Missing00
Mode of rescue
 Ground-bound1645 (49.0%)1124 (56.1%)<0.001
 Helicopter854 (25.4%)443 (22.1%)0.002
 No rescue861 (25.6%)435 (21.7%)<0.001
 Missing221108
Type of injury
 Contusion/strain/sprain1324 (37.4%)981 (45.5%)<0.001
 Fracture930 (26.3%)506 (23.5%)0.017
 Wound/lesion603 (17.1%)245 (11.4%)<0.001
 Concussion271 (7.7%)178 (8.3%)0.419
 Dislocation183 (5.2%)78 (3.6%)0.006
 Internal57 (1.6%)22 (1.0%)0.064
 Polytrauma38 (1.1%)17 (0.8%)0.285
 Other41 (1.2%)13 (0.6%)
Site of injury
 Head748 (21.2%)452 (21.0%)0.872
 Back/spine360 (10.2%)283 (13.1%)<0.001
 Knee313 (8.9%)207 (9.6%)0.338
 Shoulder533 (15.1%)198 (9.2%)<0.001
 Lower leg245 (6.9%)123 (5.7%)0.069
 Forearm182 (5.1%)116 (5.4%)0.699
 Wrist133 (3.8%)101 (4.7%)0.088
 Chest239 (6.8%)95 (4.4%)<0.001
 Pelvis102 (2.9%)90 (4.2%)0.009
 Thigh168 (4.8%)85 (3.9%)0.152
 Hand123 (3.5%)83 (3.9%)0.465
 Upper arm89 (2.5%)72 (3.3%)0.069
 Entire body64 (1.8%)47 (2.2%)0.326
 Neck59 (1.7%)47 (2.2%)0.165
 Ankle56 (1.6%)38 (1.8%)0.606
 Foot66 (1.9%)34 (1.6%)0.421
 Abdomen51 (1.4%)30 (1.4%)0.877
 Hip30 (0.8%)28 (1.3%)0.1
  • Bolded entries mark the significant results.