Table 1

Demographic characteristics of respondents and bivariable analysis of acceptability of HPV testing

Total (N)Having an HPV test instead of a Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer is acceptable to me
Not acceptable (disagree/neutral/don't know), n (%)Acceptable (agree), n (%)P value
Total (N)53361993 (37.4)3343 (62.6)
AgeMedian (IQR)533653.35 (45.35–61.19)54.23 (45.64–61.72)0.051
Marital status†
Living with a partner38061438 (78.7)2368 (76.6)0.095
Living without a partner1115390 (21.3)725 (23.4)
Education†
Complete college or higher33171250 (68.5)2067 (66.7)0.221
Incomplete postsecondary or less1607576 (31.5)1031 (33.3)
Income†
Less than $75 0001501529 (32.0)972 (34.0)0.175
$75 000 or more30141126 (68.0)1888 (66.0)
HPV testing status during FOCAL trial
Never tested HPV positive49371867 (93.7)3070 (91.8)0.015*
At least one HPV positive result399126 (6.3)273 (8.2)
Time since exit from FOCAL trial, years
Median (IQR)53363.09 (2.26–3.91)3.04 (2.23,–3.93)0.616
I would be willing to have an HPV test every 4–5 years instead of a Pap every 3 years†
Agree2858386 (19.5)2472 (74.2)<0.001*
Disagree1096744 (37.6)352 (10.6)
Neutral1353847 (42.8)506 (15.2)
Receiving HPV testing starting at age 30 years is acceptable to me†
Agree3635944 (47.8)2691 (81.0)<0.001*
Disagree682423 (21.4)259 (7.8)
Neutral981608 (30.8)373 (11.2)
If cervical cancer screening was to occur every 4 or 5 years, instead of every 3 years, I would be less likely to visit my healthcare provider for other health reasons.
Agree1062405 (20.4)657 (19.7)0.814
Disagree35171303 (65.7)2214 (66.4)
Neutral735274 (13.8)461 (13.8)
  • *Significant to p<0.05.

  • †Missing values up to 5336=not reported or prefer not to answer.

  • HPV, human papillomavirus; HPV FOCAL, Human Papillomavirus For Cervical Cancer Screening Trial.