Table 2

Number of patients and proportions of antibiotic use by diagnosis groups at intervention and control wards at two hospitals between January and December in 2019 before the intervention period

DiagnosisHospital 1Hospital 2
Intervention wards*Control wards†Intervention wards‡Control wards§
N%N%N%N%
ICD diagnosis group
 Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period3545.7129281.41030.0366.7
 Certain infectious and parasitic diseases475647.3371279.330877.3213159.6
 Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities1947.4875.0
 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism2060.040523.24122.01947.4
 Diseases of the circulatory system14679.5182836.881835.522384.8
 Diseases of the digestive system256887.3267325.067671.3245183.6
 Diseases of the ear and mastoid process3881.62626.951012.4333.3
 Diseases of the eye and adnexa2100.05100.0742.910.0
 Diseases of the genitourinary system85263.0179071.525393.38286.6
 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue47335.321326.88325.31758.8
 Diseases of the nervous system13672.811549.613625.09586.3
 Diseases of the respiratory system203982.9736695.281393.085693.3
 Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue19587.743368.43565.72090.0
 Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases20374.932225.514030.03969.2
 External causes of morbidity and mortality1369.230235.4520.04170.7
 Factors influencing health status and contact with health services17100.0366.7616.7366.7
 Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes350479.920240.132783.512070.8
 Mental, behavioural and neurodevelopmental disorders3100.01752.9358.6837.5
 Neoplasms91279.340962.625261.1918621.8
 Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium390579.34100.0771.4366.7
 Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified22479.371676.817878.167392.3
Patients diagnosed with viral causes
 Dengue15039.218728.92821.440821.6
 Influenza131092.1449787.157493.067397.3
 Other viral diagnoses321327.1176963.416968.6131640.7
  • *Includes surgical intensive care unit, traumatology, respiratory/musculoskelectal system and infectious diseases ward.

  • †Includes internal intensive care unit, surgical nephro-urology, pediatrics and general internal medicine.

  • ‡Includes surgical intensive care unit, general internal medicine, traumatology and high-quality-serviced ward (provide treatment services with better quality based on patient’s request).

  • §Includes internal intensive care unit, oncology, infectious diseases and surgical gastroenterology ward.

  • %, proportion of patients with antibiotic treatment; ICD, international classification of diseases; n, total number of patients.