Table 5

Multivariable models showing factors associated with contraceptive use among parenting adolescent girls in sub-Saharan Africa by subregions

VariablesCountry
West AfricaEast AfricaCentral AfricaSouthern Africa
aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Age
 15–17RefRefRefRef
 18–191.34* (1.02 to 1.75)1.64*** (1.25 to 2.16)1.50* (1.09 to 2.05)1.32** (1.09 to 1.61)
Marital status
 Never marriedRefRefRefRef
 Married0.49*** (0.38 to 0.64)2.22*** (1.63 to 3.01)0.59** (0.39 to 0.87)3.30*** (2.69 to 4.04)
 Cohabiting0.71 (0.38 to 1.08)2.73*** (2.03 to 3.67)0.95 (0.69 to 1.32)3.01*** (1.92 to 4.74)
 Widowed/divorced/separated0.46* (0.22 to 0.95)1.62* (1.10 to 2.41)0.42* (0.20 to 0.90)1.16 (0.84 to 1.61)
Level of education
 No educationRefRefRefRef
 Primary1.12 (0.81 to 1.56)1.68** (1.15 to 2.47)2.90*** (1.74 to 4.81)2.50*** (1.56 to 4.00)
 Secondary/higher1.72*** (1.30 to 2.27)1.69* (1.07 to 2.67)4.63*** (2.78 to 7.71)3.36*** (2.05 to 5.49)
Parity
 One birthRefRefRefRef
 Two births or more1.09 (0.80 to 1.46)0.87 (0.65 to 1.18)1.15 (0.83 to 1.59)0.83 (0.62 to 1.19)
Exposure to media
 NoRefRefRefRef
 Yes1.29* (1.03 to 1.62)1.02 (0.82 to 1.27)2.11*** (1.50 to 2.97)1.11 (0.92 to 1.36)
Ideal number of children
 0–3RefRefRefRef
 4–51.11 (0.81 to 1.52)0.75* (0.60 to 0.95)1.20 (0.86 to 1.67)0.81* (0.68 to 0.98)
 6+1.07 (0.75 to 1.52)0.48*** (0.34 to 0.67)0.55** (0.36 to 0.84)0.61** (0.42 to 0.88)
Wealth index
 PoorestRefRefRefRef
 Poorer1.80** (1.20 to 2.71)1.49* (1.10 to 2.03)1.47 (0.91 to 2.37)1.02 (0.80 to 1.30)
 Middle2.11*** (1.41 to 3.18)2.00*** (1.45 to 2.76)1.59 (0.96 to 2.64)1.08 (0.83 to 1.40)
 Richer3.48*** (2.29 to 5.30)1.56* (1.11 to 2.21)1.15 (0.64 to 2.06)0.89 (0.66 to 1.18)
 Richest3.43*** (2.10 to 5.59)2.21*** (1.46 to 3.35)1.93* (1.03 to 3.62)0.76 (0.53 to 1.09)
Place of residence
 UrbanRefRefRefRef
 Rural1.02 (0.77 to 1.34)0.91 (0.66 to 1.27)1.00 (0.70 to 1.41)0.77* (0.60 to 0.98)
  • *p< 0.05, **p< 0.01, ***p< 0.001.

  • aOR, adjusted OR.