Table 2

Participants’ responses on antibiotic knowledge, attitudes and antibiotic resistance

Antibiotic knowledge Response n=706 n (%)
Have you ever heard of a type of medication called ‘antibiotics’?Yes688 (97.5)
No18 (2.5)
n=688 n (%)
Antibiotics can help me recover from bacterial infections.Agree574 (83.4)
Disagree43 (6.2)
Not sure71 (10.3)
Antibiotics can help me recover from viral infections.Agree314 (45.6)
Disagree266 (38.7)
Not sure108 (15.7)
Antibiotics can help me recover from the common cold and influenza.Agree228 (33.1)
Disagree364 (52.9)
Not sure96 (14.0)
Antibiotics can help me recover from serious symptoms of cold and influenza.Agree319 (46.4)
Disagree256 (37.2)
Not sure113 (16.4)
Antibiotics can speed up my recovery from the common cold and influenza.Agree250 (36.3)
Disagree315 (45.8)
Not sure123 (17.9)
Antibiotic attitudes Response n=688 n (%)
It is okay to share my antibiotics with family and friends when they are sick with the same symptoms.Agree50 (7.3)
Disagree595 (86.5)
Not sure43 (6.2)
It is okay to share my antibiotics with family and friends when they are sick with different symptoms.Agree9 (1.3)
Disagree652 (94.8)
Not sure27 (9.3)
It is okay to share my antibiotics with my pets when they are sick.Agree7 (1.0)
Disagree661 (96.1)
Not sure20 (2.9)
It is okay to keep left-over antibiotics and use them again when I fall sick in the future.Agree39 (5.7)
Disagree604 (87.8)
Not sure45 (6.5)
It is okay for me to use my left-over antibiotics when I have the same symptoms as before.Agree59 (8.6)
Disagree590 (85.8)
Not sure39 (5.7)
It is important to always finish the course of antibiotics prescribed to me.Agree642 (93.3)
Disagree28 (4.1)
Not sure18 (2.6)
It is okay not to finish the course of antibiotics prescribed to me when I feel better.Agree56 (8.4)
Disagree592 (86.0)
Not sure67 (9.7)
It is okay not to finish the course of antibiotics prescribed to me when I have an alternative remedy.Agree58 (8.4)
Disagree563 (81.8)
Not sure67 (9.7)
It is okay to miss a dose during the course of antibiotics prescribed to me.Agree139 (20.2)
Disagree433 (62.9)
Not sure116 (16.9)
Antibiotic resistance knowledge Response n=706 n (%)
Have you ever heard of the abbreviation ‘AMR’?Yes78 (11.0)
No628 (89.0)
Have you ever heard of the term ‘antibiotic resistance’?Yes427 (60.5)
No279 (39.5)
n=427 n (%)
Antibiotic resistance occurs when antibiotics become less powerful so they don’t work as well.Agree207 (48.5)
Disagree177 (41.4)
Not sure43 (10.1)
Antibiotic resistance occurs when your body becomes resistant to the antibiotics and they no longer work as well.Agree266 (62.3)
Disagree127 (29.7)
Not sure34 (8.0)
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria become resistant to the antibiotics so they are more difficult to kill.Agree382 (89.5)
Disagree18 (4.2)
Not sure27 (6.3)
Antibiotic resistance only affects people with serious infections in hospitals.Agree31 (7.3)
Disagree334 (78.2)
Not sure62 (14.5)
Antibiotic resistance affects common infections such as sore throats and urinary tract infections.Agree188 (44.0)
Disagree100 (23.4)
Not sure139 (32.6)
If I use antibiotics appropriately, I don’t have to worry about getting antibiotic-resistant infections.Agree190 (44.5)
Disagree141 (33.0)
Not sure96 (22.5)
How other people use antibiotics doesn’t affect my chance of getting antibiotic-resistant infections.Agree157 (36.8)
Disagree183 (42.9)
Not sure87 (20.4)
How I use antibiotics doesn’t affect other peoples’ chances of getting antibiotic-resistant infections.Agree169 (39.6)
Disagree176 (41.2)
Not sure82 (19.2)
  • AMR, antimicrobial resistance.