Table 1

Desk review inclusion criteria

Inclusion criteriaDetails
YearJanuary 1 2005–May 15 2019. The IASC GBV Guidelines were first published in 2005.
LanguageThe formal database searches were conducted in English. An open call for resources was also disseminated through humanitarian listservs and social media; no language restrictions were imposed on this open call.
Type of documentThere were multiple types of documents and resources relevant to this search, including but not limited to: programmatic reports, conference abstracts, peer-reviewed journal articles, guidance documents, case studies, toolkits, blog posts, podcasts and other documents. Therefore, no limitations were imposed on type of document included in the desk review.
GBV risk mitigationDocuments had to refer to and include GBV risk mitigation activities, defined as activities that reduce the exposure to GBV by addressing contributing factors. While some articles may frame their focus as prevention rather than risk mitigation, those articles who drew lessons applicable to risk mitigation were retained in the analysis. For instance, one systematic review examined approaches to reduce GBV in humanitarian settings.31 While risk mitigation language was not explicitly used, the topic is highly relevant to the current effort, therefore this article was included in the analysis.
SectorThe desk review considered all sectors in the humanitarian cluster system. This includes the 13 sectors addressed in the IASC GBV Guidelines: Camp Coordination and Camp Management; Child Protection; Education; Food Security and Agriculture; Health; Housing, Land and Property; Humanitarian Mine Action; Livelihoods Nutrition; Protection; Shelter, Settlement and Recovery; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene and Humanitarian Operations Support Sector.
RegionAll regions were considered.
Phase of humanitarian responseAll phases of humanitarian response were considered.
Measurement/evaluationThe desk review included documents that describe how GBV risk mitigation activities have incorporated measurement of outcomes or impact, both related to GBV and other sector-specific outcomes. Evaluations of GBV risk mitigation—whether process, programme or impact evaluations—were included. The review did not include a focus on routine monitoring activities.
Humanitarian settingThe desk review considered multiple types of humanitarian contexts. There were no restrictions related to acute vs protracted crises or disaster vs conflict settings.
  • IASC GBV Guidelines, Integrating Gender-Based Violence Interventions in Humanitarian Action.