Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

ConstructCriteria
Timespan2015–2020: exclude dates outside this range. Exception: key articles such as similar interventions due to past pandemics that may be found outside this date range
Reference typesFull research papers, editorials, commentaries, brief reports and other short pieces, book chapters and conference proceedings. Exclude unpublished works
Research designAll kinds of research design
Participant groupsFinal-year medical students, physician associates/assistants and other types of physician assistants designed to fill a service gap. Exclude all medical and non-medical personnel outside the inclusion range
Study contextsHospital sites and similar clinical learning environments (eg, ambulatory settings). Exclude all contexts outside the inclusion range
LanguagesArticles written in English. Exclude other languages