Table 3

OLS regression estimating the association between community cultural engagement (CCE) at wave 2 and mental distress (GHQ-12) at wave 5 (weighted; n=14 783)

M1: basic modelM2: M1+IMD and interaction termsM3: M2 +demographic factorsM4: M3+socio-economic position
Coef95% CIP valueCoef95% CIP valueCoef95% CIP valueCoef95% CIP value
Cultural events0.020.03 to −0.020.0000.030.05 to −0.020.0000.040.05 to −0.020.0000.030.04 to −0.010.000
IMD0.020.03 to −0.010.0000.020.02 to −0.010.0000.010.02 to −0.010.000
Cultural events*IMD0.000.00 to 0.000.0120.000.00 to 0.000.0330.00−0.00 - 0.000.107
Constant1.971.96 to 1.990.0002.072.04 to 2.110.0002.112.05 to 2.160.0002.212.09 to 2.320.000
Museums and heritage sites0.020.03 to −0.020.0000.030.04 to −0.010.0000.030.04 to −0.010.0000.020.03 to −0.000.020
IMD0.020.02 to −0.010.0000.020.02 to −0.010.0000.010.02 to −0.010.000
Museums and heritage sites*IMD0.00−0.00 to 0.000.1060.00−0.00 to 0.000.1010.00−0.00 to 0.000.425
Constant1.971.95 to 1.980.0002.052.02 to 2.080.0002.062.01 to 2.110.0002.172.06 to 2.290.000
  • M1 (basic model) included CCE. M2 additionally controlled for Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) and interaction terms (CCE*IMD). M3 additionally adjusted for demographic factors (age, gender, ethnicity, partnership status, presence of children under age 16 years, whether or not living alone and regional locations). M4 additionally adjusted for socioeconomic position (educational levels, occupational socio-economic status, household monthly gross income and housing tenure). Bold values denote statistical significance at the p<0.05 level.

  • GHQ-12, 12-item General Health Questionnaire.