Table 4

Impact of the COVID-19 situation on aspects of participants’ glycaemic management (past month)*, overall and by diabetes type

…has been much harder…has been somewhat harder…has not been impacted…has been somewhat easier…has been much easierP value†
Affording my rent and other living expenses…
Overall (n=667)59 (8.85)103 (15.44)491 (73.61)12 (1.80)2 (0.30)0.08
T1DM (n=120)13 (10.83)23 (19.17)83 (69.17)1 (0.83)0
T2DM (n=547)46 (8.41)80 (14.63)408 (74.59)11 (2.01)2 (0.37)
Making sure I have enough food to avoid hypoglycaemia…
Overall (n=667)54 (8.10)130 (19.49)475 (71.21)7 (1.05)1 (0.15)0.29
T1DM (n=120)8 (6.67)20 (16.67)91 (75.83)1 (0.83)0
T2DM (n=547)46 (8.41)110 (20.11)384 (70.20)6 (1.10)1 (0.18)
Affording my diabetes medication(s)
Overall (n=667)53 (7.95)71 (10.64)534 (80.06)5 (0.75)4 (0.60)0.71
T1DM (n=120)10 (8.33)10 (8.33)99 (82.50)1 (0.83)0
T2DM (n=547)43 (7.86)61 (11.15)435 (79.52)4 (0.73)4 (0.73)
Affording my test strips and/or sensors…
Overall (n=667)42 (6.30)74 (11.09)540 (80.96)5 (0.75)6 (0.90)0.38
T1DM (n=120)9 (7.50)7 (5.83)103 (85.83)1 (0.83)0
T2DM (n=547)33 (6.03)67 (12.25)437 (79.89)4 (0.73)6 (1.10)
Getting my diabetes medication(s) from the pharmacy…
Overall (n=667)58 (8.70)125 (18.74)470 (70.46)8 (1.20)6 (0.90)0.24
T1DM (n=120)13 (10.83)24 (20.00)82 (68.33)1 (0.83)0
T2DM (n=547)45 (8.23)101 (18.46)388 (70.93)7 (1.28)6 (1.10)
Consulting with my healthcare provider(s) about my diabetes…
Overall (n=667)85 (12.74)158 (23.69)410 (61.47)13 (1.95)1 (0.15)0.75
T1DM (n=120)14 (11.67)28 (23.33)76 (63.33)2 (1.67)0
T2DM (n=547)71 (12.98)130 (23.77)334 (61.06)11 (2.01)1 (0.18)
Testing/monitoring my blood glucose…
Overall (n=667)34 (5.10)72 (10.79)551 (82.61)7 (1.05)3 (0.45)<0.001‡
T1DM (n=120)4 (3.33)2 (1.67)110 (91.67)4 (3.33)0
T2DM (n=547)30 (5.48)70 (12.80)441 (80.62)3 (0.55)3 (0.55)
Remembering to take my diabetes medication(s) as prescribed…
Overall (n=667)26 (3.90)65 (9.75)554 (83.06)18 (2.70)4 (0.60)0.047‡
T1DM (n=120)1 (0.83)7 (5.83)109 (90.83)3 (2.50)0
T2DM (n=547)25 (4.57)58 (10.60)445 (81.35)15 (2.74)4 (0.73)
Monitoring my risk of hypoglycaemia regularly…
Overall (n=667)29 (4.35)51 (7.65)561 (84.11)23 (3.45)3 (0.45)0.026‡
T1DM (n=120)3 (2.50)6 (5.00)103 (85.83)8 (6.67)0
T2DM (n=547)26 (4.75)45 (8.23)458 (83.73)15 (2.74)3 (0.55)
Staying as physically active as I usually am…
Overall (n=667)100 (14.99)209 (31.33)329 (49.33)23 (3.45)6 (0.90)0.84
T1DM (n=120)21 (17.50)36 (30.00)55 (45.83)7 (5.83)1 (0.83)
T2DM (n=547)79 (14.44)173 (31.63)274 (50.09)16 (2.93)5 (0.91)
Feeling in control of my hypoglycaemia…
Overall (n=667)35 (5.25)62 (9.30)528 (79.16)35 (5.25)7 (1.05)0.50
T1DM (n=120)5 (4.17)9 (7.50)99 (82.50)6 (5.00)1 (0.83)
T2DM (n=547)30 (5.48)53 (9.69)429 (78.43)29 (5.30)6 (1.10)
Having enough social support to help me manage my hypoglycaemia…
Overall (n=667)41 (6.15)83 (12.44)518 (77.66)21 (3.15)4 (0.60)0.056
T1DM (n=120)3 (2.50)10 (8.33)104 (86.67)3 (2.50)0
T2DM (n=547)38 (6.95)73 (13.35)414 (75.69)18 (3.29)4 (0.73)
  • n (%) are presented.

  • *Data collected from 21 to 28 April 2020.

  • †Item responses were compared between individuals with T1DM and T2DM. P values were computed using two-sample Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney tests.

  • ‡Statistically significant at α=0.05 (ie, the underlying distributions of item responses statistically significantly differed by diabetes type).

  • T1DM, type 1 diabetes mellitus; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus.