Table 2

Health conditions of individuals on high-level probation in Hennepin County, Minnesota, anytime during 2016


Hennepin County probation cohort
n%
Cohort 5873
Women of childbearing age (18–44 years)93211.7
Physical conditions
Hypertension101517.3
Asthma84214.3
Arthritis5138.7
Diabetes3465.9
Cancer290.5
Heart disease1572.7
Chronic kidney disease3375.7
COPD2113.6
Viral hepatitis2764.7
Number of chronic physical conditions*
0381565.0
1114619.5
2+91215.5
Pregnant in last 12 months (% of women aged 18–44)9910.6
Substance use disorders (SUDs)
Any SUD390166.4
 Alcohol241741.2
 Cannabis170329.0
 Opioid107418.3
 Methamphetamine93615.9
 Cocaine/crack85214.5
 Sedatives1823.1
 Unspecified/other SUD173229.5
Two or more SUDs195733.3
Mental health
Any mental health323355.0
 Depression246141.9
 Anxiety251742.9
 Bipolar119520.3
 PTSD100017.0
 Severe MI74812.7
SUD+MI
Any SUD and any MI263544.9
  • Counts for people on high-level probation anytime during 2016 and with 6+ months of full-benefit public health insurance eligibility between 2013 and 2016 in Minnesota.

  • Includes people with violation status, but not warrant status.

  • Conditions from ICD-9 diagnosis codes 2013–Q3 2015, ICD-10 codes Q4 2015–2016. Physical and mental health conditions grouped according to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Chronic Condition Warehouse specifications. SUD conditions grouped according to Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project specifications, excluding remission codes.

  • *Chronic physical conditions include hypertension, chronic kidney disease, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, cancer, stroke, asthma, arthritis and COPD.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; ICD-9, International Classification of Diseases ninth revision; ICD-10, International Classification of Diseases 10th revision; MI, mental illness; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.