Table 2

Association of nutritional status among severe acute malnourished and normal children regarding anthropometric measurements and developmental status (n=200)

SAM
(n=100)
Normal
(n=100)
Anthropometric measurementsMean (SD)Mean (SD)MD/t-test value
Weight (kg)5.38 (1.69)11.21 (2.71)−5.83/−18.26*
Height (cm)66.82 (9.58)80.6 (12.85)−13.78/−8.60*
MUAC (cm)9.97 (0.982)14.0 (1.19)−4.03/−26.10*
Weight-for-height z-score−4.07 (1.25)0.40 (1.27)−4.48/−25.09*
Developmental status%%OR (95% CI)
Delayed personal or social development691118.01 (8.45 to 38.37)*
Delayed fine motor development3987.35 (3.22 to 16.81)*
Delayed language development3285.41 (2.35 to 12.48)*
Delayed gross motor development34104.64 (2.14 to 10.05)*
Delayed global development66207.767 (4.09 to 14.74)*
  • *p<0.001.

  • CI, confidence interval; MD, mean difference; MUAC, mid-upper arm circumference; OR, odds ratio; SAM, severe acute malnourishment; SD, standard deviation.