Table 2

Demographic characteristics of the cohort study

CharacteristicWith MMWithout MMWith CMMWithout CMM
Sample size20 23318 656756531 324
Age
 65–69408743.4532856.6120512.8821087.2
 70–74567349.7574550.3195517.1946382.9
 75–79541356.7413443.3216222.6738577.4
 80–84341859.2235240.8148525.7428574.3
 85–89132260.387039.760527.6158772.4
 90+32058.522741.515328.039472.0
 Missing0000
Sex
 Male880349.3903850.7305117.114 79082.9
 Female11 43054.3961845.7451421.416 53478.6
 Missing0000
No of natural teeth
 20 or more597948.6631351.4202016.410 27283.6
 10–19494651.3468648.7180718.8782581.2
 1–9547854.5458245.5217021.6789078.4
 No natural teeth317456.1248443.9131123.2434776.8
 Missing65652.659147.425720.699079.4
Formal education years
 Less than 6 years58258.641241.429629.869870.2
 6–9 years981254.2829745.8381821.114 29178.9
 10–12 years623449.9625050.1224718.010 23782.0
 13 years or more309149.1320850.999715.8530284.2
 Other12550.612249.45221.119578.9
 Missing38951.536748.515520.560179.5
Marital status
 Married13 55550.413 32849.6477217.822 11182.2
 Widowed512456.5394443.5217123.9689776.1
 Divorced65252.359447.725520.599179.5
 Never married41355.533144.515721.158778.9
 Other10850.210749.84822.316777.7
 Missing38152.035248.016222.157177.9
Living arrangement
 Live alone17 19551.516 16948.5630018.927 06481.1
 Not alone273056.1213843.9115923.8370976.2
 Missing30846.934953.110616.155183.9
Financial insecurity (worries about unexpected expenses)
 None at all185847.9201852.160815.7326884.3
 Slight821849.6835750.4281717.013 75883.0
 Moderate555654.2470145.8214420.9811379.1
 Severe343157.9249442.1155426.2437173.8
 Missing117051.9108648.144219.6181480.4
Receiving pension
 No19 19151.917 77948.1716219.429 80880.6
 Yes27757.020943.010922.437777.6
 Missing76553.466846.629420.5113979.5
Current employment status
 Has a paid job325944.6405555.495213.0636287.0
 Retired11 34453.010 04047.0431520.217 06979.8
 Never had a job262356.2204343.8112524.1354175.9
 Missing300754.4251845.6117321.2435278.8
Alcohol consumption
 Yes564047.8616452.2186815.8993684.2
 Used to drink84057.262842.835424.1111475.9
 No12 49853.810 73346.2484420.918 38779.1
 Missing125552.6113147.449920.9188779.1
Smoking status
 Never smoked10 99052.8984247.2419520.116 63779.9
 Stopped smoking 5 or more years ago449952.4408647.6160918.7697681.3
 Stopped smoking within the past 4 years91350.489949.633418.4)147881.6
 Current smoker16324619185454615.4300484.6
 Missing219953.5191146.588121.4322978.6
  • CMM, complex multimorbidity; MM, multimorbidity