Table 1

Definition of body system categories in CMM and diseases surveyed in JAGES

Circulation disorder
  • Heart disease (including arrhythmia)

  • Stroke

  • High blood pressure

Endocrine-metabolic disorder (general system)
  • Diabetes (including mild type)

  • Obesity

  • Dyslipidaemia

Eye disorder
  • Impaired vision

Gastrointestinal disorder
  • Gastrointestinal disease

  • Liver disease

Hearing disorder
  • Impaired hearing

Mental and behavioural disorder
  • Mental disease

  • Sleep problem

Musculoskeletal and connective disorder
  • Osteoporosis

  • Joint disease/neuralgia

  • Injury/fracture

  • Cancer

Respiratory disorder
  • Respiratory disease

  • CMM, complex multimorbidity; JAGES, the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study