Table 5

Expected primary and secondary (intermediate) outcomes of the Tipping Point Impact evaluation in Nepal

ControlTPPTPP+
Primary outcome
 CEFM
  • Hazard of marriage from baseline to endline

  • Hazard of gauna from baseline to endline

↓↓
Secondary outcomes
 Personal assets and Intrinsic agency
  • Knowledge of sexual and reproductive health and rights (nine items, score 0–27)

  • Aspirations about marriage/education/work (frequencies)

  • Self-efficacy (11 items, score 0–22; 13 items for girls, score 0–28)

  • Attitudes about gender/gender discrimination/menstruation/masculinity (nine items, score 0–27)

↑↑
 Instrumental agency
  • Mobility of girls (nine items, score 0–18)

  • Communication with parents (six items, score 0–18)

  • Leadership competence (nine items, score 0–27)

  • Participation in financial activities (frequencies)

  • Participation in decision-making (frequencies)

↑↑
 Girl-centred movement building and collective agency
  • Collective efficacy (nine items, score 0–15)

  • Collective action

↑↑
 Changes in repressive social norms
  • Community social norms (11 items for norms about women and girls, score 0–33; five items for norms about boys, score 0–15)

↑↑
 Reductions in violence and harassment as barriers to change
  • Gender discrimination in the family (five items, score 0–15)

  • Public violence/harassment against girls

↑↑
  • Control communities are expected to show little change over the study period due to the concentration of child marriage in these conservative communities and the period of observation. The symbol refers to an increase, and the symbol ↑↑ refers to a more substantial increase. The symbol refers to a decrease, and the symbol ↓↓ refers to a more substantial decrease.

  • CEFM, child, early and forced marriage; TPP, Tipping Point Programme.