Table 1

Steps 1–8 of the PPM model including key questions and sources of data

PhaseKey questions to be addressedData sources
1. Social assessment
  • What are the demographic characteristics of the population whose quality of life you would like to measure?

  • What are the social problems and perceived quality of life of the target?

Census data—Community Profile
Key informant interview
Focus group discussion
2. Epidemiological assessment
  • What is impact in terms of death, disease, disability?

  • Is the problem susceptible to intervention?

  • Is the problem being/not being addressed by other agencies in the community?

  • What is the potential yield if the problem is appropriately addressed?

  • Is the problem highly ranked as a community priority?

  • What are the behavioural risk factors?

  • How important and changeable are these behavioural risk factors?

  • What are the environmental causes of the health concern?

  • How important and changeable are these environmental causes of the health concern?

Morbidity data
Mortality data
Key informant interview
Focus group discussion
Community survey
Observation
3. Educational and ecological assessment
  • What are the predisposing factors influencing each behaviour?

  • What are the enabling factors influencing each behaviour?

  • What are the reinforcing factors influencing each behaviour?

  • How important is each factor?

  • How changeable is each factor?

Key informant interview
Focus group discussion
Community survey
4. Administrative and policy assessment and intervention alignment
  • What are the policies, resources and other circumstances prevailing?

  • What are the policies, regulations and organisational factors that prevent changes in the enabling factors?

  • What are the factors influencing implementation?

  • What are the barriers to implementation?

Key informant interview
Focus group discussion
5. Implementation
  • What are the health promotion strategies per educational objective?

  • Are strategies aligned with the objectives?

  • What is the time frame for the implementation of each strategy?

  • What resources are needed?

Participatory health promotion intervention and strategy development and implementation
6. Process evaluation
  • What is/are the process indicator/s?

  • What is/are the means of verification for the indicator/s?

Objectives set during the assessment phases
Report on intervention programme and strategies
7. Impact evaluation
  • What is/are the impact indicator/s?

  • What is/are the means of verification for the indicator/s?

Objectives set during the assessment phases
Report on intervention programme and strategies
8. Outcome evaluation
  • What is/are the outcome indicator/s?

  • What is/are the means of verification for the indicator/s?

Morbidity data
Mortality data
  • PPM, PRECEDE–PROCEED model.