Table 6

Factors associated with household injury risk among children age <5 years in Amakom subdistrict, Ghana

Univariate modelMultivariate model
Crude ORP value(95% CI)Adjusted ORP value(95% CI)
Caregiver age
 Age (years)0.97<0.010.95 to 0.980.990.220.97 to 1.01
Relationship with child
 Mother (ref)
 Father0.720.270.41 to 1.29
 Other0.880.610.55 to 1.42
Caregiver education
 None (ref)
 Basic1.690.011.11 to 2.58
 Senior high1.910.060.98 to 3.73
 Tertiary0.870.90.10 to 7.16
Employment status
 Unemployed (ref)
 Hourly worker0.710.090.49 to 1.05
 Salaried worker0.730.760.35 to 1.43
Number of children <5 years in household
 1
 20.950.770.67 to 1.351.320.300.78 to 2.26
 30.750.250.47 to 1.211.300.450.66 to 2.55
Number of children ≤18 years in household
 1
 20.45<0.010.26 to 0.760.390.010.19 to 0.81
 30.15<0.010.09 to 0.240.26<0.010.13 to 0.54
Socioeconomic status
 Socioeconomic quintile10.980.89 to 1.121.150.051 to 1.34
Age of child (years)
 <1 (ref)
 1–25.54<0.012.95 to 10.388.13<0.013.99 to 16.61
 3–53.95<0.012.19 to 7.157.77<0.013.88 to 15.53
Sex of child
 Male (ref)
 Female0.960.810.70 to 1.330.780.230.52 to 1.17
Cooking place
 Inside of the house (ref)
 Separate building0.28<0.010.19 to 0.420.25<0.010.14 to 0.46
 Outdoors0.37<0.010.24 to 0.570.25<0.010.13 to 0.49
Fuel type used
 Gas
 Charcoal1.190.730.44 to 3.28
 Biomass0.790.630.32 to 1.99
Cookstove within reach of child <5 years
 No (ref)
 Yes1.740.190.77 to 3.99
Number of sleeping rooms
 1 (ref)
 20.530.010.36 to 0.78
 30.560.010.36 to 0.88
Accommodation
 Rented room or hallway (ref)
 Rented flat4.04<0.011.79 to 9.151.450.590.37 to 5.66
 Uncompleted accommodation0.880.670.49 to 1.571.280.510.61 to 2.72
 Owned home0.710.110.47 to 1.090.520.020.30 to 0.89
Safe cabinets
 No (ref)
 Yes1.290.360.75 to 2.23
  • ref, reference.