Table 1

Characteristics of the studies included in the systematic review

First authorCountryStudy designData collected inSample sizeDefinition of multimorbidityAge range (years)Age mean (years)% women% urban
Andrade17BrazilCross-sectional1994–19951464≥2
(self-reported)
18+57.4100
Boing19BrazilCross-sectional2009–20101720≥2
(self-reported)
20–5955.6100
De Souza Santos Machado22BrazilCross-sectional2005377≥2
(self-reported)
40–65100100
Aguiar15BrazilCross-sectional2011622≥2
(self-reported)
50+64.1100100
Nunes29BrazilCross-sectional20081593≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
60+62.8100
Agrawal35MexicoCross-sectional2007–20102725≥2
(self-reported)
18+63.161.873.7
Nunes26BrazilCross-sectional20122927≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
20+45.758.9100
Valadares33BrazilCross-sectional2012–2013736≥2
(self-reported)
45–6052.5100100
Bustos-Vazquez37MexicoCross-sectional20127967≥2
(self-reported)
60+69.353.4
Cavalcanti42BrazilCross-sectional2010–2011676≥2
(self-reported)
60+70.054.669.4
Nunes27BrazilCross-sectional201360 202≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
18+43.755.186.5
Nunes28BrazilCross-sectional20081593≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
60+62.8
Olivares41ArgentinaCross-sectional2014–20151044≥2
(self-reported)
18+43.065
Taype-Rondan39PeruLongitudinal2013–20142433≥2
(self-reported and measured)
35+57.251.351.3
Amaral16BrazilCross-sectional2010264≥2
(self-reported)
60+61100
Araujo18BrazilCross-sectional20154001≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
18+52.786.8
Camargo-Casas40ColombiaCross-sectional20122000≥2
(self-reported)
60+71.163.4
Costa20BrazilCross-sectional20141451≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported and measured)
60+63
Nunes25BrazilLongitudinal2015–20169412≥2 and ≥3
(self-reported)
50+62.95484.7
Bao36CubaLongitudinal2003–20072944≥2
(self-reported and measured)
65+73.964
Dominican Republic201174.565
Puerto Rico200975.267
Venezuela196571.563
Peru193374.260
Mexico200373.764
Macinko23BrazilCross-sectional2013–20141486≥2
(self-reported)
18+51.1
Colombia148551.1
El Salvador146052.8
Jamaica148052.6
Mexico149251.4
Panama147551.6
Miranda38PeruLongitudinal2010–20122890≥2
(self-reported and measured)
35+55.25150.9
Petarli31BrazilCross-sectional2016–2017790≥2 and≥3
(self-reported)
18–5947.7
Tavares32BrazilCross-sectional20121691≥2
(self-reported)
60+72.563.7100
Wang34BrazilCross-sectional2005–20072713≥2
(self-reported)
18–6452,4
Montes24BrazilCross-sectional20141336≥5
(self-reported)
60+63.1
Padilha Pereira30BrazilCross-sectional20141426≥5
(self-reported)
60+63
Da Silva Almeida21BrazilCross-sectional2016850≥2
(self-reported and measured)
18+61.2