Table 3

ORs for low attainment at key stage 4 by total mental health difficulties and domain scores, adjusted stepwise for explanatory factors

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6Model 7
Emotional1.64 (1.11,2.41)*1.88 (1.27,2.78)**1.75 (1.07,2.85)*1.55 (0.91,2.65)1.22 (0.71,2.10)1.12 (0.63,1.99)1.07 (0.61,1.90)
Peer2.44 (1.66,3.58)***2.45 (1.66,3.61)***1.67 (1.02,2.75)*1.50 (0.88,2.55)1.31 (0.78,2.20)1.26 (0.74,2.16)1.20 (0.70,2.08)
Conduct1.92 (1.33,2.76)***1.83 (1.26,2.65)**1.91 (1.22,3.01)**1.65 (1.02,2.67)*1.25 (0.74,2.11)1.10 (0.62,1.94)1.07 (0.60,1.90)
Hyperactivity2.52 (1.80,3.52)***2.46 (1.75,3.45)***2.77 (1.84,4.18)***2.94 (1.89,4.57)***2.39 (1.52,3.78)***2.35 (1.46,3.78)***2.38***
Total score3.11 (2.11,4.57)3.25 (2.20,4.80)3.55 (2.22,5.70)3.20 (1.90,5.37)2.38 (1.38,4.12)2.10 (1.17,3.77)2.05 (1.15,3.68)
  • Imputed model, N=1100.

  • Model 1: unadjusted odds of low KS4 attainment.

  • Model 2: adjusts for Model 1+age, sex, ethnicity.

  • Model 3: adjusts for Model 2+prior attainment at KS2.

  • Model 4: adjusts for Model 3+household social class, maternal education, household poverty, family composition.

  • Model 5: adjusts for Model 4+happy with school work, happy with school.

  • Model 6: adjusts Model 5+parental interest in school, parents attend parent evening, family support, quarrels with parents.

  • Model 7: adjusts for Model 6+parental mental and physical health.

  • *** p<0.001, **p<0.01, *p<0.05.