Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of the study participants under FB-DOTS and CB-DOTS

VariablesTotal cohort (N=1161)Patients under FB-DOTS (n=774)Patients under CB-DOTS (n=387)P value
n (%)n (%)
SexMale594417 (53.9)177 (45.7)
Female567357 (46.1)210 (54.3)0.009
Age in years15–24365253 (32.7)112 (28.9)0.092
25–44544369 (47.7)175 (45.2)
45–64202120 (15.5)82 (21.2)
>=655032 (4.1)18 (4.7)
Marital statusSingle330246 (31.8)84 (21.7)
Married765476 (61.5)291 (75.2)<0.001
Divorced3025 (3.2)5 (1.3)
Widowed3427 (3.5)7 (1.8)
Educational levelIlliterate459268 (34.5)191 (49.4)
Read and write only9861 (7.9)37 (9.6)<0.001
Primary school396269 (34.8)127 (32.8)
Secondary school132105 (13.6)27 (6.9)
College/University7671 (9.2)5 (1.3)
OccupationFarmer739430 (55.6)309 (79.8)
Merchant7464 (8.3)10 (2.6)<0.001
Government/non-government organisations employee5850 (6.5)8 (2.1)
Daily labourer8881 (10.5)7 (1.8)
Housewife1918 (2.3)1
Student142102 (13.2)40 (10.3)
Unemployed4129 (3.6)12 (3.1)
District/town administrationGoma220120 (15.5)100 (25.8)
Jimma157157 (20.3)0 (0.0)<0.001
Kersa12273 (9.4)49 (12.7)
Limmu Kosa14490 (11.6)54 (13.9)
Mana9764 (8.3)33 (8.5)
Omo Nada10273 (9.4)29 (7.5)
Seka Chekorsa12080 (10.3)40 (10.3)
Sokoru10862 (8.1)46 (11.9)
Tiro Afeta9155 (7.1)36 (9.4)
  • CB-DOTS, community-based directly observed treatment, short course; FB-DOTS, facility-based directly observed treatment, short course.