Table 2

Participant baseline characteristics

CharacteristicsIntervention n=24Control n=25
Age in years, mean (SD)70.0 (8.6)69.3 (8.1)
Men, n (%)10 (41.7)4 (16.0)
Ethnicity, white, n (%)21 (87.5)24 (96.0)
Further education*, n (%)15 (62.5)15 (60.0)
Employed, n (%)7 (29.2)5 (20.0)
Retired, n (%)17 (70.8)20 (80.0)
Body mass index in kg/m2, mean (SD)27.5 (6.3)28.5 (5.5)
Duration of arthritis diagnosis in years, mean (SD)4.7 (5.2)5.3 (6.2)
At least one hip affected by arthritis, n (%)14 (58.3)13 (52.0)
At least one knee affected by arthritis, n (%)22 (91.7)21 (84.0)
VAS for current pain due hip/knee arthritis, mean (SD)52.8 (26.8)48.6 (26.3)
VAS for ability to cope with/manage arthritis in general, mean (SD)66.2 (21.8)64.4 (21.8)
Number of joints affected by pain for >6 weeks in the last 3 months, median (IRQ)5 (4)3 (3)
Number of comorbidities†, n (%)
08 (33.3)6 (24.0)
15 (20.8)10 (40.0)
25 (20.8)3 (12.0)
≥36 (25.0)6 (24.0)
  • *Further education was defined as any formal education undertaken once the participant was aged over 16 years old.

  • †Comorbidities include: diabetes; asthma; bronchitis; gastrointestinal problems; angina/heart problems; high blood pressure; depression; and anxiety.

  • VAS, Visual Analogue Scale (0–100 mm).