Table 6

Comparison of items specific to mild lockdown by the presence of social isolation

Mean (SD)Group difference
LSNS-6 <12LSNS-6 ≥12Difference (95% CI)P valueCohen’s d
UCLA-LS325.86(5.15)20.42(4.85)5.44(5.26 to 5.63)<0.0011.088
Lifestyle and coping behaviour during mild lockdown
 Exercise3.83(1.84)4.60(1.68)−0.77(−0.83 to –0.70)<0.0010.435
 Healthy eating habits4.03(1.59)4.72(1.42)−0.69(−0.74 to –0.63)<0.0010.457
 Healthy sleep habits4.40(1.83)4.91(1.70)−0.51(−0.58 to –0.44)<0.0010.289
 Activity3.73(1.70)4.39(1.57)−0.66(−0.72 to –0.60)<0.0010.405
 Offline interaction with familiar people3.17(1.81)3.98(1.86)−0.81(−0.88 to –0.74)<0.0010.440
 Online interaction with familiar people2.74(1.82)3.94(2.02)−1.20(−1.28 to –1.13)<0.0010.626
 Preventive behaviours of COVID-195.31(1.81)5.92(1.39)−0.61(−0.67 to –0.55)<0.0010.379
 Optimism3.65(1.57)4.57(1.42)−0.92(−0.97 to –0.86)<0.0010.614
Stressors related to mild lockdown
 Deterioration of household economy3.85(1.82)3.73(1.84)0.12(0.05 to 0.19)<0.0010.065
 Deterioration of relationship with familiar people2.55(1.58)2.16(1.47)0.39(0.33 to 0.45)<0.0010.255
 Frustration3.41(1.77)3.18(1.73)0.23(0.16 to 0.29)<0.0010.131
 COVID-19-related anxiety4.00(1.72)4.09(1.67)−0.10(−0.16 to –0.03)0.0030.057
 COVID-19-related sleeplessness2.49(1.54)2.38(1.53)0.11(0.06 to 0.17)<0.0010.075
 Difficulties owing to the lack of daily necessities3.66(1.86)3.59(1.84)0.06(−0.01 to 0.13)0.0850.033
 Difficulties in work or schoolwork3.73(2.03)3.93(2.07)−0.20(−0.27 to –0.12)<0.0010.097
  • Cohen’s d: 0.200~small; 0.500~medium; 0.800~large.

  • LSNS-6, Lubben Social Network Scale.