Table 3

Cox proportional hazard model of risk of comorbidities with cardiovascular disease in veterans compared with non-veterans

 Veterans with CVD, n=4469Non-veterans with CVD, n=12 010Univariable
Cases,
n (%)
Cases,
n (%)
HR95% CIP value
Mood disorder303 (6.8)687 (5.7)1.211.05 to 1.380.007
Anxiety295 (6.6)612 (5.1)1.211.05 to 1.390.007
PTSD116 (2.6)160 (1.3)1.201.02 to 1.650.032
Type 2 diabetes1032 (23.1)2528 (21.0)1.151.07 to 1.24<0.001
Any cancer682 (15.3)1793 (14.9)1.241.14 to 1.36<0.001
Lung cancer152 (3.4)310 (2.6)1.251.03 to 1.510.025
Dementia40 (0.9)100 (0.8)1.150.79 to 1.380.454
Lower limb amputation100 (2.2)321 (2.7)0.950.76 to 1.190.646
  • *Cohort size and cases as at 2017.

  • PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.