Table 4

Linear regression analysis of changes from baseline to post-treatment

Baseline (T1)
M (SD)
Post-treatment (T2)
M (SD)
Standardised coefficient ßSE ß95% CIP valueCohen’s d
Diabetes distress (PAID)45.1 (13.8)23.9 (19.8)−0.680.33−1.36 to 0.0020.048−0.65
Depression symptoms (PHQ-9)7.4 (5.3)5.7 (4.4)−0.360.25−0.87 to 0.140.502−0.66
Anxiety symptoms (GAD-7)6.24 (4.17)4.38 (3.53)−0.440.27−0.99 to 0.110.108−0.57
Fear of progression (FoP-Q-SF)34.33 (8.95)31.39 (7.99)−0.210.27−0.76 to 0.330.428−0.06
Diabetes acceptance (AADQ)41.62 (7.15)43.36 (4.82)0.190.24−0.30 to 0.690.418+0.24
Diabetes self-care (DSMQ)6.88 (1.66)7.37 (1.29)0.260.22−0.20 to 0.710.243+0.81
Quality of life (AQoL-8D)68.99 (13.05)71.56 (12.92)0.320.22−0.13 to 0.770.145+0.53
Attitudes towards online interventions (APOI)39.71 (7.13)41.75 (11.26)0.040.25−1.73 to 0.300.86+0.07
Treatment satisfaction
(CSQ-8)
25.77 (5.54)
  • Between group differences at post-measurement adjusted for baseline differences. Intervention group was coded with 1 (independent variable), baseline values were used as covariate, positive values indicate higher values in the intervention group. Negative values indicate lower values in the intervention group. Data are M (SD), regression coefficients or Cohen’s d.

  • AADQ, Acceptance and Action Diabetes Questionnaire; APOI, Attitudes towards Psychological Online Interventions Questionnaire; AQoL-8D, Assessment of Quality of Life 8-item Questionnaire; CSQ-8, Client Satisfaction Questionnaire; DSMQ, Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire; FoP-Q-SF, Fear of Progression Questionnaire–Short Form; GAD-7, Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item Scale; PAID, Problem Areas In Diabetes Scale; PHQ-9, Patient Health Questionnaire-9.