Table 1

Description of baseline data; all data are presented as n (number) and (%)

CharacteristicTotal sample (n=43)
Age (years) (M (SD))79.47 (5.7)
Sex (n (%))
 Male22 (51.2)
 Female21 (48.8)
 BMI (M (SD))27.93 (5.4)
ASA–PS (n (%))
 332 (74.4)
 411 (25.6)
Operative procedure (n (%))
 Transapicale TAVI11 (25.6)
 Transfemorale TAVI32 (74.4)
Relevant comorbidities (n (%))
 Hypertension37 (86)
 Diabetes16 (37.2)
 Congestive heart failure36 (83.7)
 Congestive kidney failure20 (46.5)
 Coronary heart disease31 (72.1)
 Cardiac arrhythmias25 (58.1)
 Stroke8 (18.6)
 Nicotine19 (44.2)
 Alcohol8 (18.6)
 Hypothyreosis10 (23.3)
 Hypercholesterinemia14 (32.6)
EuroSCORE (n (%))
 Low15 (34.9)
 Middle18 (41.9)
 High10 (23.3)
 Pre-operative anticholinergic drugs16 (37.2)
  • ASA, American Society of Anaesthesiologists Classification; BMI, body mass index; TAVI, transcatheter aortic valve implantation.