Table 1

Sociodemographic, behavioural and biological characteristics of the study population

CharacteristicsNumberPercentage*
Sex4308
 Women215152.4
 Men215747.6
Age group, years4308
 25–34191741.0
 35–44107827.8
 45–5479619.2
 55–6451712.0
Marital status4303
 Single60112.8
 Married370287.2
Highest completed level of education4300
 No formal education338078.6
 Primary school65214.9
 Secondary or higher2686.5
Profession4303
 Wage earner2105.2
 Self-employed308868.9
 Unemployed100525.9
Residence4308
 Urban87825.9
 Rural343074.1
Risk factors
Current smoker4307
 No376088.4
 Yes54711.6
Current drinker4307
 No310772.1
 Yes120027.9
Fruit and vegetable intake4010
 <5381995.7
 ≥51914.3
Type of fat most commonly used4197
 Vegetable oil262063.3
 Butter, lard or fat, margarine115727.2
 None or other4209.5
Physical activity4307
 Intense263960.6
 Moderate111025.5
 Low55813.9
BMI class4308
 Underweight49411.9
 Normal309570.2
 Overweight54813.4
 Obese1714.5
HBP4305
 No344176.9
 Yes86420.1
Diabetes4245
 No405295.4
 Yes1934.6
Hypercholesterolaemia4283
 No419097.8
 Yes932.2
  • *Weighted percentage. The missing data for some variables corresponds to non-responses for these questions during the STEP survey.

  • BMI, body mass index; HBP, high blood pressure.