Table 1

Maternal and neonatal complications related to GDM

Maternal complicationFetal/neonatal complication
Spontaneous abortionsStillbirth
Pre-eclampsiaNeonatal death
Gestational hypertensionNon-chromosomal congenital malformations
Amniotic fluid turbidityFetal macrosomia
PolyhydramniosLow-birth-weight infants
OligohydramniosNeonatal asphyxia
Intrauterine infectionNeonatal pneumonia
Fetal growth restrictionNeonatal anaemia
Placenta previaNeonatal jaundice
Preterm labourNeonatal hypoglycaemia
Postmature deliveryNeonatal infection
Caesarean deliveryFetal distress
Premature rupture of membranesNeonatal thyroid abnormalities
DystociaNeonatal cholestasis
Postpartum haemorrhage
  • GDM, gestational diabetes mellitus.