Table 3

Factors associated with abdominal obesity among the adult population of Burkina Faso

CharacteristicsMaleFemaleTotal
cPR (95% CI)aPR (95% CI)cPR (95% CI)aPR (95% CI)cPR (95% CI)aPR (95% CI)
Sex
 Women11
 Men0.15 (0.12 to 0.18)0.15 (0.11 to 0.19)
Age group, years
 25–34111111
 35–441.73 (1.08 to 2.78)2.14 (1.25 to 3.68)1.29 (1.13 to 1.48)1.25 (1.09 to 1.44)1.33 (1.15 to 1.54)1.30 (1.13 to 1.49)
 45–541.69 (0.97 to 2.95)1.54 (0.78 to 3.07)1.53 (1.32 to 1.77)1.54 (1.31 to 1.80)1.49 (1.26 to 1.76)1.51 (1.28 to 1.78)
 55–642.09 (1.27 to 3.44)1.82 (0.97 to 3.41)1.57 (1.32 to 1.85)1.62 (1.33 to 1.98)1.39 (1.15 to 1.68)1.64 (1.34 to 2.00)
Marital status
 Single111111
 Married1.50 (0.85 to 2.65)1.46 (0.86 to 2.50)1.04 (0.88 to 1.24)1.17 (1.00 to 1.38)1.27 (1.02 to 1.39)1.21 (1.03 to 1.43)
Highest completed level of education
 No formal education111111
 Primary school1.36 (0.80 to 2.28)1.19 (0.64 to 2.21)1.29 (1.10 to 1.50)1.26 (1.07 to 1.48)1.00 (0.84 to 1.18)1.21 (1.02 to 1.42)
 Secondary or more3.39 (2.06 to 5.64)1.51 (0.73 to 3.13)1.24 (0.95 to 1.62)1.09 (0.83 to 1.44)1.02 (0.77 to 1.35)1.18 (0.92 to 1.52)
Profession
 Wage earner111111
 Self-employed0.30 (0.19 to 0.47)0.80 (0.40 to 1.60)0.65 (0.49 to 0.84)0.77 (0.58 to 1.02)0.70 (0.48 to 1.00)0.71 (0.55 to 0.92)
 Unemployed0.65 (0.34 to 1.22)1.16 (0.61 to 2.22)0.73 (0.57 to 0.94)0.82 (0.62 to 1.09)1.69 (1.20 to 2.37)0.80 (0.63 to 1.03)
Residence
 Urban111111
 Rural0.22 (0.15 to 0.33)0.31 (0.20 to 0.49)0.42 (0.36 to 0.50)0.48 (0.40 to 0.58)0.36 (0.31 to 0.43)0.50 (0.42 to 0.60)
Risk factors
Current smoker
 No111111
 Yes0.71 (0.46 to 1.11)0.91 (0.55 to 1.54)1.41 (0.87 to 2.29)2.87 (2.37 to 3.47)0.17 (0.11 to 0.27)0.77 (0.46 to 1.29)
Current drinker
 No111111
 Yes1.21 (0.83 to 1.77)0.89 (0.59 to 1.34)1.01 (0.87 to 1.16)0.94 (0.82 to 1.08)0.86 (0.74 to 1.00)0.97 (0.84 to 1.11)
Fruit and vegetable intake
 <5111111
 ≥51.05 (0.43 to 2.60)1.26 (0.45 to 3.49)1.18 (0.95 to 1.47)1.24 (0.98 to 1.56)1.23 (0.92 to 1.64)1.27 (0.98 to 1.63)
Type of fat most commonly used
 Vegetable oil111111
 Butter, lard or fat, margarine0.29 (0.15 to 0.57)0.37 (0.17 to 0.83)0.93 (0.81 to 1.06)0.96 (0.84 to 1.11)0.91 (0.77 to 1.06)0.88 (0.76 to 1.02)
 None or other0.34 (0.14 to 0.80)0.54 (0.22 to 1.34)0.93 (0.72 to 1.20)0.92 (0.68 to 1.24)0.78 (0.57 to 1.06)0.82 (0.59 to 1.14)
Physical activity
 Intense111111
 Moderate1.01 (0.62 to 1.64)0.88 (0.54 to 1.45)0.92 (0.80 to 1.07)0.90 (0.78 to 1.03)1.19 (1.01 to 1.41)0.89 (0.77 to 1.03)
 Low2.83 (1.87 to 4.28)1.70 (1.06 to 2.71)1.07 (0.91 to 1.26)0.94 (0.80 to 1.10)1.51 (1.27 to 1.80)1.03 (0.88 to 1.20)
HBP
 No111111
 Yes2.45 (1.69 to 3.54)1.84 (1.20 to 2.83)1.37 (1.22 to 1.54)1.20 (1.06 to 1.36)1.41 (1.23 to 1.62)1.30 (1.14 to 1.47)
Diabetes
 No111111
 Yes1.54 (0.85 to 2.78)1.42 (0.83 to 2.41)1.16 (0.92 to 1.46)1.07 (0.84 to 1.38)1.16 (0.90 to 1.50)1.17 (0.92 to 1.49)
Hypercholesterolaemia
 No111111
 Yes3.45 (1.46 to 8.13)1.66 (0.76 to 3.61)1.77 (1.41 to 2.21)1.50 (1.19 to 1.91)2.39 (1.82 to 3.13)1.52 (1.18 to 1.94)
  • .aPR, adjusted prevalence ratio; cPR, crude prevalence ratio; HBP, high blood pressure.