Table 1

The six steps of coding framework

StepsObjectives
Step 1: listen, read and reread the interviewData immersion and entry into the participant’s world (comprehensive approach)
Step 2: initial annotationsProduce a set of comprehensive and detailed notes and comments on the data considering the semantic content of the speech as well as the language used by the participant
Step 3: develop emerging themesProduce themes reflecting both the participant’s discourse and the analyst’s active interpretation process
Step 4: identify links between emerging themesProduce a structure capable of reflecting the most interesting and important aspects of the participant’s story by grouping and linking the themes produced in the previous step
Step 5 and 6: move on to the next case and search for links between the interviewsApply steps 1–4 on a new interview then search for links between the different interviews selected for analysis