Table 2

Psychosocial factors of the participants (N=1026)

VariablesSample typeOverall
N (%)
P value (χ2)
Community sample n (%)ART clinic sample n (%)
Khat chewingNever449 (90.5)515 (97.2)964 (94)<0.001
Yes47 (9.5)15 (2.8)62 (6)
Problematic alcohol useNo427 (86.1)501 (94.5)928 (90.4)<0.001
Yes69 (13.9)29 (5.5)98 (9.6)
Social supportPoor support259 (52.2)215 (40.6)474 (46.2)<0.001
Intermediate support201 (40.5)246 (46.4)447 (43.6)
Strong support36 (7.3)69 (13)105 (10.2)
Depressive symptomsNone/mild448 (90.3)442 (83.4)890 (86.7)0.001
Moderate23 (4.6)62 (11.7)85 (8.3)
Moderately severe21 (4.2)24 (4.5)45 (4.4)
Severe4 (0.8)2 (0.4)6 (0.6)
  • ART, antiretroviral therapy.