Table 4

Factors associated with depressive symptoms (N=1026)

VariablesDepressive symptomsAOR (95% CI)P value
NoYes
Sample typeCommunity sample448481
ART clinic sample442881.7 (1.1 to 2.6)0.01
SexMale370461
Female520900.9 (0.6 to 1.5)0.84
AgeLess than 25 years117141
25–44 years609781.1 (0.5 to 2.1)0.87
45 years and above164442.3 (1.1 to 5.1)0.03
Khat chewingNever8351291
Yes5570.9 (0.4 to 2.1)0.84
Marital statusMarried467441
Single177251.9 (1.1 to 3.5)0.03
Divorced/widowed246672.3 (1.5 to 3.5)<0.001
Problematic alcohol useNo8051231
Yes85131.2 (0.6 to 2.3)0.59
Social supportPoor support393813.9 (1.7 to 9.6)0.002
Intermediate support398492.4 (0.96 to 5.7)0.06
High support9961
Perceived quality of life compared with othersPoor443901.4 (0.8 to 2.4)0.19
Not good–not bad13211.8 (0.9 to 3.3)0.08
Good316251
  • Bold values indicate statistically significant association.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; ART, antiretroviral therapy.